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The cardiology department at Aster Hospital is renowned for delivering high-quality services in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disorders. We offer a range of services, including a heart failure clinic, heart transplant procedures, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, and cardiac rehabilitation services for both children and adults. Our team consists of heart specialists from India and abroad who excel in areas like interventional cardiology, pediatric cardiology, vascular interventions, valvular interventions, pacemaker implantations, and interventional radiology.

We employ advanced and highly precise diagnostic tests such as cardiac ultrasound, diagnostic angiography, cardiac CT and MRI, stress echocardiography, electrophysiological studies, Cardio-pulmonary exercise tests, and cardiac biomarker testing to assess our patients' conditions and evaluate the outcomes of our treatments. In the realm of Heart Failure and Transplant Cardiology, our services stand out with a focus on innovation and life-saving solutions. We offer heart transplant procedures, as well as LVAD (Artificial Heart) and ECMO support, highlighting our dedication to both advanced treatments and patient-centered care. Our proficiency in Electrophysiology is underscored by a range of services, including electrophysiological studies, radio frequency ablation, 3D mapping, and pacemaker implementation, showcasing our mastery of intricate procedures to regulate heart rhythm.

The Pediatric Cardiology unit at Aster CMI Hospital is equally outstanding, addressing the unique needs of young patients. With expertise in ASD, VSD, PDA device implantation, and valvular interventions, our team ensures top-tier care for pediatric cardiac conditions. Preventive Cardiology & Rehabilitation is an integral part of our approach, where we offer health education, risk stratification, structured exercise programs, and heart failure rehabilitation, promoting a holistic approach to heart wellness. Aster CMI's Cardiac Imaging unit further solidifies our position as a leader in cardiac care. With services such as cardiac MRI, CT coronary angiogram, cardiac PET scan, and stress/rest perfusion scans, our team delivers comprehensive diagnostic insights using cutting-edge imaging techniques. Altogether, Aster CMI Hospital's cardiology team encompasses a broad spectrum of expertise, pioneering techniques, and patient-centric care that make us a true standout in the field of cardiovascular health.

What is heart failure?

Heart failure, also known as congestive heart failure, occurs when the heart muscle becomes less effective at pumping blood, leading to potential fluid buildup in the lungs and resulting in shortness of breath. Various heart conditions, such as narrowed heart arteries and high blood pressure, can gradually weaken or stiffen the heart, affecting its ability to fill and pump blood properly.

Proper treatment can alleviate heart failure symptoms and enhance longevity, while lifestyle changes like weight loss, exercise, reduced salt intake, and stress management can improve quality of life. However, heart failure can be life-threatening, and severe symptoms may require interventions like heart transplants or devices to assist with blood pumping.

What is Advanced Heart failure?

Advanced heart failure refers to a stage where conventional therapies and symptom management methods are no longer effective in controlling the condition. Approximately 10 per cent of heart failure patients reach this advanced stage, and at this point, treatment decisions can become more intricate and challenging.

How is heart attack treated?

When it comes to treating a heart attack, Aster CMI Hospital employs a range of cutting-edge approaches tailored to your specific case. These treatments encompass:

  • Balloon Angioplasty and Stenting: Using a minimally invasive catheter procedure, our experts navigate through your arteries to the blocked coronary area. Inflating a balloon breaks down plaque and widens the coronary artery, promoting improved blood flow to the heart muscle. Stents, acting as scaffolds, often maintain artery openness post-angioplasty.

  • Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (CTO PCI): This advanced procedure addresses chronic blockages, restoring blood flow effectively.

  • Traditional Bypass Surgery (Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting - CABG): Redirecting blood flow around affected coronary arteries using healthy vessels from other parts of your body, CABG restores proper blood circulation to the heart.

  • Robotic Bypass Surgery: A minimally invasive option utilizing surgical robots for precise CABG through small incisions.

  • Thrombolysis: In suspected heart attack cases, clot-dissolving medications may be administered directly to the blockage site via IV or catheter, swiftly restoring blood flow. Thrombolysis is most effective within three hours of a heart attack.

  • Medications: Aspirin as a blood thinner and other blood-thinning, cholesterol management, blood vessel dilation, blood pressure regulation, and pain-relief medications may be prescribed as part of your treatment plan. These interventions ensure your individual needs are met during emergency care.

Who needs CABG?

CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting) is a suitable treatment option for individuals with obstructive coronary heart disease, characterized by plaque accumulation in the coronary arteries responsible for supplying oxygen-rich blood to the heart. The decision to undergo CABG is based on a collaborative assessment by our heart care experts, ensuring that the approach aligns with your specific condition.

What is cardiac rehab?

Cardiac Rehabilitation, a personalized program offered by Aster CMI Hospital, is designed to aid patients in managing and reducing symptoms for an improved quality of life. This program is particularly beneficial for those who have recently experienced a heart attack or are grappling with acute or chronic heart disease. It encompasses exercise guidance, stress reduction techniques, heart-healthy living education, nutritional counseling, and support for smoking cessation. By facilitating comprehensive treatment and lifestyle adjustments, early recovery is promoted, enabling patients to regain independence and resume their daily lives.

What is Cardiogenic shock?

Cardiogenic shock occurs when the heart is unable to pump sufficient blood to meet the body's demands. This serious condition can be life-threatening if not promptly treated.

Who needs Heart transplant?

A heart transplant may become necessary when your heart is failing, and other available treatments prove ineffective.

End-stage heart failure refers to a condition in which the heart muscle severely struggles to efficiently pump blood throughout the body. This state signifies that alternate treatment methods are no longer yielding positive results. End-stage heart failure is the terminal phase of heart failure. Despite its name, a heart failure diagnosis does not imply an imminent cessation of heart function. The term "failure" denotes that the heart muscle is unable to adequately pump blood due to damage or extreme weakness, or a combination of both.

Various factors can contribute to heart failure, including:

  • Myocardial infarction (heart attack)

  • Viral infection affecting the heart muscle

  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)

  • Heart valve disorders

  • Congenital heart defects existing from birth

  • Arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats)

  • Pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs)

  • Alcoholism or substance abuse

  • Chronic lung conditions like emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

  • Cardiomyopathy, characterized by an enlarged, thickened, and rigid heart muscle

  • Anemia, resulting in a low red blood cell count

Your healthcare provider might have additional reasons for recommending a heart transplant.

What is Angioplasty?

Angioplasty, commonly referred to as Balloon Angioplasty or Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty (PTA), is a minimally invasive procedure that addresses narrowed or blocked blood vessels caused by atherosclerosis. The procedure involves inserting a tube into the affected artery and inflating a balloon inside the artery to expand it, thus restoring proper blood flow and preventing further narrowing. In some cases, a stent may accompany the balloon to maintain the artery's openness post-procedure. Angioplasty is a highly effective method for enhancing blood flow and reducing the risk of complications associated with narrowed arteries.

What are common rhythm disorders?

Arrhythmias, also known as dysrhythmias, refer to irregular heartbeats originating from different areas of the heart, manifesting as excessively fast, slow, or irregular rhythms. While a healthy heart beats in a coordinated manner, disruptions within the heart's structure or its pumping function can lead to abnormal rhythms. These rhythms are classified into types based on their origin:

  • Supraventricular arrhythmias: Arising in the heart's upper chambers (atria), these rhythms occur above the lower chambers (ventricles).

  • Ventricular arrhythmias: Originating in the lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart.

  • Bradyarrhythmias and junctional rhythms: Stemming from issues in the heart's conduction system, such as the sinoatrial (SA) node, atrioventricular (AV) node, or the His-Purkinje network.

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