Hypertension and the kidneys are closely linked. The kidneys play a vital role in regulating blood pressure by controlling the fluid balance, electrolyte levels, and the production of hormones involved in blood pressure regulation. Conversely, hypertension can also have a significant impact on kidney function.
Uncontrolled hypertension over time can damage the small blood vessels in the kidneys, impairing their ability to effectively filter waste products and maintain fluid and electrolyte balance. This can lead to a condition called hypertensive nephropathy, which is a progressive kidney disease associated with hypertension.
Managing hypertension involves a comprehensive approach that may include lifestyle modifications and medications.