What are the signs & symptoms of Pediatric Craniosynostosis
Following are the common signs and symptoms of pediatric craniosynostosis.
An abnormal feeling or disappearing fontanel (soft spot on the top of the head) Asymmetrical, misshapen skull Development of a raised, hard ridge along with the skull Slow or no growth of the head as the baby grows
These conditions can be corrected with surgery and can restore.
What are the different types of Pediatric Craniosynostosis?
Craniosynostosis can affect babies in two different ways
Isolated craniosynostosis: Isolated craniosynostosis known as non-syndromic craniosynostosis, is the closing of only one suture with no other associated health problems and is the most common kind of craniosynostosis. Syndromic craniosynostosis: Syndromes are when three or more medical problems occur in a recognizable pattern. When craniosynostosis is part of a syndrome, it is known as syndromic craniosynostosis. In these cases, there are usually two or more sutures that closed too early. Patients also have other health conditions as part of the syndrome.
What is Pediatric Craniosynostosis?
The skull is formed by several separate bones. These skull bones are connected by specialized structures called sutures. These sutures look like seams or spaces between the skull bones. The sutures are growth centers for the skull bones. Craniosynostosis is present when one or more of the sutures closes earlier than it should cause the skull to grow into an abnormal shape.
Babies' brains grow very quickly in the first two years of life. As the brain grows it stretches the sutures which signal the sutures to make new bone. The sutures allow the skull to enlarge and create just enough space for the brain. Normally, these sutures remain open until we reach adulthood, long after the brain and skull have stopped growing. Craniosynostosis causes a baby’s skull to misshapen because the brain continues to grow at the same rate even if one or more sutures close too early.
The remaining open sutures have to grow faster to make up for the closed suture. This extra growth causes a change in head shape. In some cases, the remaining open sutures can’t grow fast enough to keep up with the brain’s growth causing abnormally high pressure in the skull, which can have negative effects on brain health. These include learning delays, blindness, and, rarely, death, if untreated.
What is minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) or keyhole spine surgery?
Minimally invasive spine surgery is a highly advanced spine surgery technique using very small incisions, using cutting-edge intra-operative technology.
What is spinal stenosis decompression
The narrowing of the spaces within the spine is known as spinal stenosis. The minimally invasive spine surgery procedure helps decompress the nerves in the narrow spaces between the vertebral bones and spinal joints.
Who can undergo scoliosis / spinal deformity surgery?
Children, adolescents with scoliosis
Patients with kyphosis (hunchback / forward curving of the spine)
Adults and elderly patients with spinal deformities
How long does it take to recover from scoliosis surgery?
If the recovery is as expected, the patient can be discharged within a week
Children can get back to school about a month after the surgery
What information does SUDOSCAN provide?
SUDOSCAN gives you the information about the small fiber nerve functions. In a SUDOSCAN test, electrical conductance of the hands and feet are measured. Test results with high conductance means normal sweat function whereas low conductance indicates peripheral or autonomic neuropathy.
What is Obesity?
Obesity is a complex disease characterized by abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat in body that may impair health. People who have obesity are prone to develop heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and cancer.
How obesity can be identified?
The ideal way to measure obesity is by calculating Body mass index (BMI) of a person. BMI is defined as a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters (kg/m2). Increased BMI shows high body fatness.
What are the causes of Obesity?
The primary cause of obesity is the energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. Overweightness is commonly caused by over eating and sedentary lifestyle. For instance, if you consume high amounts of energy, particularly fat and sugars, but do not burn off the energy through exercise and physical activity, much of the surplus energy will be stored by the body as fat.
Factors that can lead to obesity are,
Increased intake of energy-dense foods that are high in fat and sugars
Decrease in physical activity due to the increasingly sedentary nature of work
Environmental and societal changes associated with development
Lack of supportive policies in health, agriculture, environment, food processing and education
Diseases – Hypothyroidism, Chronic stress, Insomnia & Hypersomnia