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Cardiac Surgery

The Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery deals with the surgical management of diseases related to heart, lungs, chest wall and diaphragm. Our competent team is highly experienced in performing complicated surgeries for conditions such as congenital heart diseases, mediastinal tumours, open heart valvular repairs, and myocardial infarction. The team consists of cardiac surgery experts (adult and pediatric), pulmonologists, thoracic surgeons, cardiac anesthesiologists, critical care specialists, interventional radiologists, and cardiac electrophysiologists who work in collaboration with nurses, technicians, rehabilitation specialists and nutritionists to provide optimal multidisciplinary treatment for our patients. They are experts in carrying out various procedures such as pulmonary lobectomy, surgical decortication, coronary artery bypass graft, open-heart valve repair, and septal defect closures.

Available Hospitals

We provide excellent care, right from diagnosis to the treatment and beyond at our world-class hospitals.

Treatments & Procedures

We provide comprehensive treatment for all types diseases under one roof. Our highly experienced doctors supported by especially trained clinical staff, ensure the best care for you.

Advanced Technology & Facilities

Well equipped with the latest medical equipment, modern technology & infrastructure, Aster Hospital is one of the best hospitals in India.

Cardiology IPD services

Common procedures in Cardiac Cathlab like Coronary Angiography, Coronary Angioplasty, IVC filter, Rotablation, Cardiac Catheterization, all interventional radiology and neurology procedures.

Foetal cardiac health counselling

Parents are counseled about foetal heart, probability for surgery and other related issues

Neonatal and Pediatric ICU

Our unit offers progressed respiratory support for children with breathing troubles, including high frequency ventilators. We provide cardiovascular and respiratory observing equipment and research center and imaging facilities like CT scan and X-ray. Our PICU is committed to provide the most quality medical care to our pediatric patients. Our facilities also include the highest level of care in a warm and supporting condition for newborn children in trouble during childbirth, those requiring close perception and those transferred from other facilities for treatment of neonatal sicknesses. The NICU is staffed throughout day and night by skilled team of specialists including neonatal nurses and neonatologists.

Dedicated Pediatric Cardiac OPD

Pediatric cardiac OPD consultation, Contrast Echocardiograpgy, Ambulatory ECG, Cardiac Rehabilitation services etc

Diagnostics for Cardiac Surgery

Electrocardiogram (ECG)
Imaging Tests:
- Chest X-Ray
- CT Scan
- MRI Scans
Lung / Lymph Node Biopsy

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

We have state of art First & Only Philips 3 Tesla Ingenia CX Digital MRI, where we can shorten the scan time without compromising image quality. We can perform advanced imaging like neuro perfusion studies, Spectroscopy, subtraction imaging, Cardiac MRI, Foetal MRI, Q flow studies, diffusion weighted whole body imaging with background body signal suppression (DWIBS), Breast MRI, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), arterial spin labelling (ASL) and Cartilage Mapping.

Cardiac Diagnosis

Electrocardiography (ECG)
Treadmill testing
3D Echocardiography
Holter monitoring (1 day, 3 day and long-term monitoring)
CT Coronary Angiography (256 slice & 125 slice CT)

Clinical Support

3 Cath labs including FFR, IFR, IVUS, OCT and Rotablation
Advanced 3D and 4D ECHO machines
Holter Monitoring

Inpatient Facilities

Aster Medcity offers world-class inpatient care to its patients, with the support of an award-winning team of Nurses, Therapists and Technicians.

Wards, double rooms, standard rooms, executive rooms, deluxe rooms presidential suites
Dedicated Cardiac ICU
Independent ICUs with a view that minimise chances of infection and ICU psychosis
Dedicated cardiac surgery suites
Advanced infection control facilities
State-of-the-art cardiac imaging

World-Class Technology

Aster Centre of Excellence in Cardiac Sciences is first facility in Kerala to offer three cathlabs with a state-of-the-art electrophysiology lab / intravascular ultrasound, fractional flow reserve estimate and rotablation. The comprehensive range of medical technology here includes:

Flat panel hybrid vascular biplane cathlab
Low radiation CLARITY cathlab
OR1 Karl Storz Fusion Integrated C Green OT certified surgical suites with autopilot anaesthesia and live sharing facility
Philips IntelliSpace Critical Care & Anaesthesia digital ICU
ECMO (Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation)
Philips EPIQ Echocardiography machines for 2D and live 3D imaging
Trans-Oesophageal Echocardiography with Doppler, Colour Doppler modalities
Dobutamine stress test for physically disabled patients
Intra-operative trans-oesophageal ECHO / Doppler / Colour-flow Doppler
Philips 256 Slice iCT scan
Wide Bore 3.0 Tesla MRI cardiac studies
Philips Astonish True Flight Select PET-CT with Time Of Flight technology
GE SPECT-CT Optima NM 640 Gamma Camera

Outpatient Services

The Centre of Excellence in Cardiac Sciences at Aster Medcity offers a wide range of outpatient services for detection and treatment of complex heart diseases and disorders. This includes:

Cardiac structural/functional evaluation including advanced imaging
Heart Failure Clinic
Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinic
2D / Live 3D Echocardiography
Colour Doppler imaging
Tissue Doppler imaging
Strain Quantification
Trans-Esophageal Echocardiography including live 3D TEE
24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
24-hour ECG monitoring (Holter monitoring)
Cardiac stress tests including Tread Mill Test, Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography, Head Up Tilt Test (HUTT)

Operation Theatres

ORI Fusion Digital Integrated Operation Theatres With 22 Operating Rooms that are on par with some of the largest in the world, Aster Medcity, for the first time South India, introduces ORI Fusion Digital Integrated Operation Theatres using Karlstorz OR1 Fusion - Asia Pacific’s first complete digital integration system.
The integration enables real-time sharing of images, videos and medical reports, which not only facilitates virtual participation from any location in the world, but also helps the rest of the surgical team to monitor the patient closely during the operative procedure, much to the benefit and safety of the patient undergoing the surgery.
Aster Medcity is also the first surgical facility in the state to offer Robotic Surgery using high-precision da Vinci Surgery Robot.


Want to find out more about the treatment? The answer to your questions can be found below.

What is a heart attack?

In some patients, the blood supply to a part of the heart muscle stops suddenly. This happens most often due to the formation of a clot inside one of the three coronary arteries supplying blood to the heart muscle. When this happens, the heart muscle that receives blood from the respective coronary artery gets damaged. This is termed as a heart attack.
It is advised to quickly visit the Best Cardiology Hospital in Bangalore nearby to get treated by a cardiologist.

Are there different types of heart attacks? If so, what are they?

Based on the variation in the ECG during a heart attack, doctors recognize two types of heart attacks. ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) Non-ST-elevation Myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). STEMI and NSTEMI differ not only in the variation in the ECG but also in their severity. In general, STEMI is more likely to be immediately fatal or disabling than NSTEMI. Consequently, STEMI requires more urgent treatment than NSTEMI in most instances. However, this is just a thumb rule: Some NSTEMIs can be equally ominous and may require emergency treatment just like STEMI.

What are the specific tests required to diagnose heart disease?

Patients suspected to have a heart attack require to undergo ECG or electrocardiogram immediately. If the initial ECG is not diagnostic but the symptoms and signs are highly suggestive of a heart attack, repeating the ECG after 30-60 minutes and performing a blood test to detect high levels of cardiac enzymes such as Cardiac Troponins or CK-MB are additionally useful. Old heart attacks are often diagnosed based on ECG or Echocardiography.

What time of the day does one usually get a heart attack?

Heart attacks can occur at any time of the day. However, due to various neuro-hormonal variations associated with the circadian rhythm, some clustering of heart attacks is noted in the mornings between 6 am and 12 noon. Some physicians have noted more heart attacks in the wee hours, i.e., between 3 and 6 am.

What are the common causes of heart disease?

Various risk factors increase the chances of a person having a heart attack. Smoking, High Blood pressure, Diabetes. physical inactivity, high cholesterol levels, obesity, and poor diet are important risk factors. These can be potentially controlled to reduce heart attack risk. Therefore, these are termed Modifiable Risk factors.
Older age, male sex, family history, Post-menopausal state in women are factors that can increase heart attack risk but cannot be altered. These are called non-modifiable risk factors.
South Asians appear to have a very high risk of having heart attacks at a younger age, compared to Caucasians and Asians such as Japanese.

How are heart attacks treated?

As soon as a diagnosis of heart attack is made, blood-thinning medications (Aspirin, Clopidogrel are common ones) are administered. The definitive treatment is Coronary angiography followed by primary coronary angioplasty to restore blood flow in the coronary artery causing the attack.

However, if for some reason, angioplasty cannot be performed, certain medicines (thrombolytic drugs, or clot busters) are administered in the form of injections. Primary Angioplasty is a more effective and safer form of treatment for a heart attack, but in some circumstances (e.g., remote areas) these drugs can be life-saving.

What is Coronary Angioplasty?

Coronary angioplasty is a procedure performed to widen narrow or blocked sections of the coronary vessels thereby restoring the blood flow. A thin balloon is inserted into the coronary artery and inflated at the site of the block to widen the narrowed artery. This makes a way for the opening of the blockages. A stent is generally then placed to prevent future blockages.

What is Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) Surgery?

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) is a procedure where a surgeon makes new routes (bypass) around blocked or narrowed coronary arteries with one or more grafts allowing increased blood flow to the vessel past the blockage. These grafts are typically healthy blood vessels from the chest, arm, or leg of the patient.

What are the precautions to be taken post a heart surgery or angioplasty?

It is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle post a heart surgery includes: Quit smoking. Eat a healthy diet that is low in saturated fat. Lower your cholesterol levels. Try to maintain a healthy weight. Exercise regularly. Control other conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure. Do not skip any medications prescribed by your doctor.

What is Normal blood pressure?

Normal blood pressure is defined as blood pressure of 120 mmHg systolic, 80 mmHg diastolic. Blood pressure of 140/90 or higher is termed as hypertension.

Why is high blood pressure dangerous?

Higher the blood pressure, higher is the risk of damage to the heart and blood vessels in major organs such as the kidney and brain.

Uncontrolled hypertension can lead to an enlargement of the heart, heart attack, and eventually heart failure. Hypertension can also lead to blindness, stroke, and kidney failure.

What is heart failure?

Heart failure is a condition in which your heart is not pumping normally and is unable to deliver oxygen-rich blood throughout the body. It does not mean the heart has stopped working. It means that it is working at lower efficiency. The heart muscle is either too weak and cannot pump blood to the rest of the body with enough force (systolic failure) and/or has trouble relaxing and becomes stiff (diastolic failure). This causes a build-up of fluid (congestion) in the lungs, feet, and other body tissues. This generally develops slowly but can also present very rapidly.

Is there a link between blood sugar and heart attack?

Anything in excess or deficiency is a problem. The same applies to blood sugar. High blood sugar levels can increase the risk of heart diseases like heart attack and heart failure. Low blood sugar (Hypoglycaemia) can precipitate arrhythmias and heart attacks. Long term uncontrolled blood sugar can lead to blocks in the peripheral arteries like in the brain, legs, and abdomen.

What will happen during the surgery?

You will be under the effect of Anesthesia, totally in an unconscious state, you won’t feel pain, and you won’t even know that the surgery has been done.

How long will my surgery take?

Surgical time varies depending upon the type of surgery and diseased condition of your heart. Usually, the average heart surgery lasts for 4-6 hours.

What can I do or cannot do after surgery?

Avoid weight lifting and driving for three months.

How many hours does open-heart surgery take?

Surgical time varies depending on the type of surgery and diseased condition of your heart. Usually, the Average heart surgery lasts for 4-6 hours.

What are the side effects of Open Heart Surgery?

Like any other operation, the patient has a risk of infection and bleeding.

Can I live a long life after Bypass Surgery?

Sure, you live long, provided the surgery is done within the right time and for the correct indication.

How much walking or exercise do I need after the surgery?

You have to walk for a minimum of 20-30 minutes daily after surgery, which can be further increased after 4-6 weeks of surgery.

What are the symptoms of a heart attack?

Chest pain :

  • This symptom can be mild and feel like discomfort or heaviness
  • Pain on left arm and shoulder, neck, jaw, back or down toward your waist
  • Shortness of breath or trouble breathing
  • Nausea or stomach discomfort
  • Anxiety
  • Sweating
  • Feeling lightheaded, dizzy, or passing out.

What is Angioplasty?

Procedure to improve blood flow in blood vessels that have become narrow or blocked.

What is high blood pressure?

High blood pressure is a common condition that affects the body's arteries. It is also called hypertension. Normal pressure is 120/80 or lower.

When to see a cardiologist?

If you notice a pattern of heart disease, chest pain, shortness of breath, palpitations or dizziness including high cholesterol and high blood pressure, take action and get checked by a cardiologist.

Which is the best heart hospital in Kerala?

One of the best heart hospitals in Kerala is Aster Medical City's Centre of Excellence in Cardiac Sciences. It provides advanced cardiology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, cardiac surgery, heart transplant, and cardiac rehabilitation services to all age groups.

With the assistance of skilled nurses, technicians, dieticians, and rehabilitation specialists, it provides the best treatment possible.

The outstanding medical team of adult cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons, pediatric cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, and interventional radiologists at Aster Medcity hospital can handle all cardiac emergencies successfully.


What is the primary treatment for heart attack?

Medications and primary Angioplasty


What is the best treatment for blocked arteries in the heart?

 The two standard treatment procedures for blocked arteries are:

  • Angioplasty of the heart.
  • Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).
  • Medical Management.

Is heart treatment possible without surgery?

Medications can treat some heart conditions without surgical intervention, including heart attacks. Cholesterol medications are just another way to treat coronary artery disease. These drugs can lower bad cholesterol and lessen plaque formation in the arteries. Aspirn aspirin and clopidogrel used as blood thinners. 

For instance, clot-busting medications aid in dissolving the blood clots during haert attack. Heparin, which is administered intravenously or intramuscularly, makes the blood less sticky and less likely to clot. Nitroglycerin helps to enhance blood flow to the heart by widening blood vessels.

What are the causes of heart attacks?

 The causes of heart attacks are listed below.

  • Cardiovascular atherosclerosis:  Family history of Coronary Artery diseases, BP, Diabetics, Cholesterol, Age, Smoking and other habits.

Is heart surgery dangerous?

Heart surgery has inherent risk of death. But death risk is more in those individuals who are very ill before cardiac surgery or when cardiac surgery is done in an emergency (for example, during a heart attack).

The good news is that risks have dramatically decreased over the past few decades, and the chance of death during surgery has reduced to 1-2 percent.


When is open heart surgery necessary?

 Cardiac surgeons may advise open-heart surgery or CABG.

  • Replacement or repair of heart valves,
  • Repair or replacement of damaged or abnormal heart tissue
  • Heart transplantation
  • Aortic surgeries.

What are the different types of heart surgery?

 Different types of heart surgeries are:

  • Coronary artery bypass grafting 
  • Open heart surgery
  • Heart valve repair 
  • Heart valve replacement
  • Heart transplant
  • Maze surgery
  • Aneurysm repair.

Which is the best private hospital for heart disease in kerala?

Aster MedCity center of excellence is one of the best private hospitals in Kerala. Established to operate as an independent cardiac hospital in Kochi, this facility has an outpatient department, an inpatient department, a day care area, and a state-of-the-art cardiovascular imaging section with nuclear medicine. In addition, they have a dedicated electrophysiology lab, a dedicated interventional cardiology wing, dedicated adult and pediatric cardiac surgical suites, dedicated cardiac ICUs, and a 24-hour Rapid Access Chest Pain Clinic to handle all emergencies.

What are Invasive, Non-Invasive, and Interventional Cardiology?

Invasive cardiology uses open or minimally invasive procedures to find and treat structural or electrical abnormalities in the heart. Non-invasive cardiologists focus on diagnosing and managing heart conditions through extracorporeal tests rather than intravenous devices. Interventional cardiology uses special catheter techniques for diagnosing and treating coronary artery diseases.

What is pediatric cardiology?

The pediatric cardiology focuses on children under 18 with heart abnormalities and cardiac diseases. Paediaric cardiologists treat children born with congenital heart problems or other cardiac ailments or conditions in their early years.


Is there any chance of a heart attack after an angioplasty?

Heart attack is one of the rare complications of angioplasty. Although unlikely, the person could get a heart attack during or after the angioplasty.

Will a Cardiac Surgeon help manage recovery after surgery?

Yеs, a cardiac surgeon will oftеn help manage the initial recovery aftеr surgery, especially while you are in the hospital. Thеy will monitor your progress, ensure that the surgical sitе is healing propеrly, and oversee any necessary post operative carе. Howеvеr, in the longеr tеrm, once you are discharged from the hospital, your recovery and ongoing carе will likely be managed by a cardiac rеhabilitation tеam, which could include cardiologists, nurses, physiotherapists, and other healthcare professionals. Thеy will work together to support your recovery and help you gradually rеturn to your normal activities. 

What question you should ask a Cardiac Surgeon?

Whеn consulting with a cardiac surgeon, it is important to ask questions that will help you understand your condition, treatment options, and the surgical process. Some questions you may want to consider asking include:

- What specific cardiac condition do I have, and how doеs it nееd tо bе addressed surgically?

- What are the different surgical treatment options available to me, and what аrе the potential risks and benefits of each?

- How many times have you performed this type of surgery, and what is your success ratе?

- What is the anticipated recovery process, and what kind of support might I nееd during this time?

- What lifestyle changes may bе necessary aftеr surgery, and what long-term follow-up care will bе rеquired?

When should I consider seeing a Cardiac Surgeon?

You may consider sееing a cardiac surgeon if you have bееn diagnosed with a cardiac condition that may require surgical intervention. This can include conditions such as coronary artеry disеasе, hеart valve disorders, congenital hеart defects, or aortic aneurysms. Additionally, if your cardiologist has recommended a surgical procedure as part of your treatment plan, they may refer you to a cardiac surgeon for further еvaluation and discussion of surgical  options. 

Who is a Cardiac surgeon, and what do they do?

A cardiac surgeon is a medical professional who specialises in surgical procedures of the hеart and blood vessels. Thеy are trained to perform surgeries such as coronary artеry bypass grafting, heart valve repair or replacement, and procedures to correct congenital hеart defects. Additionally, they may also perform surgeries to implant medical devices such as pacemakers or defibrillators. Cardiac surgeons work closely with cardiologists to provide comprehensive care for patients with hеart problems. If you reside in Kochi you can check our website to know more details.

Are heart attacks hereditary or can they be age-dependent?

Family history plays an important role in the causation of heart attacks. The risk of a heart attack in a person more than doubles if a first-degree relative (parents, siblings, or children) has had a heart attack in the past.
While there are exceptions, heart attacks are generally seen in older adults. The typical age for a man to have a heart attack is 55 years and above and for a woman it is 65 years and above.
When heart attacks are seen in men younger than 55 years and women younger than 65 years it is termed as Premature Heart Attack or Premature Coronary artery disease.
In India, during the last two decades, more and more adults who are younger have been noted to have heart attacks. Studies have shown that between 15-22% of all heart attacks are seen in adults younger than 40 years of age.

Do all types of heart attacks have the same symptoms?

Of course not. Symptoms of heart attack can vary from case to case. The commonest symptom of a heart attack is chest pain. This is seen in about 70% of all heart attack patients. The remainder can present with breathlessness, arm or back pain, cold sweats, loss of consciousness, or palpitations. Some patients may have no symptoms at all and are said to have a Silent Heart attack.
If you experience any of these symptoms, then immediately consult the Best Cardiologist in Bangalore.

How do a heart attack and stroke differ?

A lot of people use these terms interchangeably.
Heart attack refers to damage to the heart muscle. Stroke refers to paralysis of limbs or face or any other neurological function due to damage to the brain resulting from clotting or bleeding in the blood vessels of the brain. They are clinically different and the terms should ideally not be interchanged.

What should I do if I have symptoms suspicious of a heart attack?

First, seek help. Make any person in proximity aware of your situation. The most important step to ensure a safe outcome in a heart attack is to see that you reach a hospital with appropriate facilities as soon as possible. It is a good practice to be aware of the hospitals around you and the facilities they provide. When someone has chest pain or other symptoms suggestive of a heart attack, the immediate first aid should be to take 350 mg of the soluble form of Aspirin (common trade names Disprin or Aspisol in India). Ideally, the tablet should be chewed because the medicine is absorbed from the mucosal membrane of the oral cavity and starts to act immediately. If the patient cannot chew the tablet for some reason, the tablet can be dispersed in a small quantity of water and taken orally. If I see someone who is having a heart attack, what can I do to ensure he survives till help arrives? Call the nearest hospital with cardiac facilities as soon as you recognise that someone around you might be having an ongoing attack. Shift the person to a comfortable position and reassure them. If possible, give them an Aspirin tablet to chew. While waiting for help to arrive, monitor their breathing and pulse. If they lose consciousness, initiate Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

How can I reduce my risk of developing heart disease?

A disciplined lifestyle would not only take care of the heart but also keep other diseases at bay. The key changes are
Quit smoking
Exercise regularly
Maintain a healthy weight
Control blood pressure and diabetes well
Keep cholesterol levels in check
Manage stress

What is Coronary Angiography?

It is a procedure to detect blockages in the blood vessels of the heart. A thin hollow tube or catheter is inserted via the artery of the forearm or the thigh. Through this catheter, a special contrast dye is injected into the coronary arteries and X-ray images are obtained to visualize the blood flow in the coronary arteries.

Can a stent get blocked again? Is it possible to insert another stent in the same place?

Yes. In about 5-10% of patients, especially those who are not on medication, have uncontrolled diabetes, develop kidney failure, or continue to smoke, stents can show narrowing (restenosis). If a disciplined lifestyle is not followed, new blockages can appear in other areas of the vessels too.
Stent restenosis can be treated by balloon angioplasty, a second stent, drug-coated balloons, or by Bypass surgery.

Is bypass surgery a permanent solution for heart blocks?

No treatment for coronary blocks can be considered a permanent solution. A small number of patients can have the failure of bypass surgery very early. In a majority, Bypass surgeries can help to feel better and prolong life for over 10-15 years. Again, lifestyle and adherence to medical advice after bypass surgery are of paramount importance in keeping the procedure durable. Visit Best Heart Hospital in Bangalore to avail of advanced heart surgeries or procedures.

What are the various types of heart diseases?

There are various types of disorders related to the heart.
Congenital heart disease is a defect of the heart which are present since birth.
Arrhythmias are abnormal heart rhythm or irregular heartbeat affecting the electrical conduction.
Coronary artery disease is caused by the narrowing of the coronary arteries leading to the decreased blood supply to the heart.
This can potentially lead to angina, heart attacks, weakening of the heart muscle, or sudden death.
Cardiomyopathy refers to diseases affecting the heart muscle. Some types of cardiomyopathy are genetic, while others occur because of an infection or reasons that are less well understood.
Heart failure happens when the heart is not properly pumping blood throughout the body. In this condition often the heart's pumping capacity is reduced.
Valvular heart disease affects how the valves function to regulate blood flow in and out of the heart chambers.
Hypertension is a condition in which the blood vessels have persistently increased pressure, putting them under increased stress. It is often known as high or raised blood pressure.
Pericardial diseases affect the outer layer (pericardium) of the heart. It can be affected by a variety of conditions that include inflammation (pericarditis), stiffness (constrictive pericarditis), and fluid accumulation (pericardial effusion).

What causes high BP or hypertension?

The cause of high blood pressure is unclear in most people. However, older age, physical inactivity, poor diet, obesity, kidney problems, alcohol use, certain birth control pills, and persistent stress can all contribute to the development of hypertension.

People with high blood pressure usually have no signs when their blood pressure is excessively high, or if they have already had high blood pressure.

How to prevent high blood pressure?

High blood pressure can be prevented and controlled by maintaining a healthy diet.
Reduce your salt intake. Increase the intake of vegetables and fruits. Avoid saturated fats.
Engage yourself in moderate exercises. Aim for a minimum of thirty minutes of aerobic activity, such as brisk walks for five days a week.
Avoid and stop smoking and other tobacco products and avoid alcohol abuse.
Reduce stress levels by engaging with fun activities and meditation.
If advised medications, please take them regularly.
Does erratic sleep over the long run lead to a potential heart attack? Are the professionals working night shifts at a higher risk of a heart attack?

Yes. Every individual needs at least 6-8 hours of undisturbed sleep. Studies have shown that working night shift meddles with the body’s circadian rhythm, putting it under stress and making it more susceptible to heart problems like irregular heartbeats and heart attack.

What is valvular heart disease?

The heart’s valves keep blood flowing through the heart in the right direction. But a range of conditions can result in valvular damage. Valves may narrow (stenosis), not close properly (prolapse) or leak (regurgitation or insufficiency). This can cause your body to be disrupted by the blood flow through your heart.

Is there a link between obesity and heart disease?

Yes. Being overweight and obese can cause a high risk of multiple heart problems. It can lead to high blood pressure. Excess weight also increases the chance of atherosclerosis (cholesterol deposits in the arteries causing blocks), abnormal heart rhythms, heart attacks and significantly increases the risk of heart failure.

What should I do on the day of my surgery?

Get up in the morning with a positive mind. You are not allowed to take anything by mouth.

How will my pain be managed?

You will be given pain killer intravenously (IV) in the postoperative period, which reduces your pain to a negligible level.

How long will I stay in the hospital for heart surgery?

Usually, straightforward cardiac surgery recovered patients will be discharged on the 5th day of surgery.

Which is the most serious Heart surgery?

All Heart surgeries are considered to be serious.

What are the restrictions after Open Heart Surgery?

Avoid weight lifting and driving for three months.

Will I require a Blood Transfusion during surgery?

It depends upon the pre-operative Hemoglobin levels of the patient. If it is above 12gm/dl, the requirement of blood during surgery is 0-1 bottle. But we always arrange four bottles as standby.

What is heart attack?

A heart attack occurs when a blood clot blocks blood flow to the heart. It is also called Myocardial Infarction (MI) and is a medical emergency treated without delay.

What are the common causes of heart disease?

High-risk factors are:

  • Smoking
  • Having high blood pressure
  • Physical Inactivity
  • High cholesterol
  • High levels of lipoprotein
  • Diabetes
  • Excessive use of alcohol or caffeine
  • Heart problem present at birth.

How bad is alcohol for the heart?

Excessive alcohol intake can lead to high blood pressure, heart failure or stroke. Excessive drinking can also contribute to a disorder that affects the heart muscle.

Alcohol can contribute to obesity and the long list of health problems that can go along with it.

How can you prevent blood pressure?

Lead an active lifestyle, Exercise regularly, Keep yourself at a healthy weight and avoid drinking alcohol and smoking.

How long do heart patients stay in the hospital?

  • Heart attack minimum of 3-5 days
  • Angiogram as Day care
  • Heart Angioplasty in 2 days
  • Heart Failure in 5-7 days.

Which doctor to consult for a heart problem?

A specialist in detecting, diagnosing, treating, and preventing conditions of the heart, arteries, and veins is a cardiologist, often known as a "heart doctor," "heart physician," or "heart specialist." A regular check-up with this heart specialist doctor can help you stay on top of your heart health and lower the risk for heart disease. 


What are the treatment options for a heart attack?

 A heart attack occurs when one or more coronary arteries get blocked, reducing or stopping blood flow to the heart, and depriving a part of the heart muscle of oxygen.

The treatment options vary based on the extent of obstruction (total or partial). Medications to treat a heart attack include aspirin, clot busters, thrombolytics or fibrinolytics), blood-thinning medications like Heparin, Nitroglycerin, morphine, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and statins.

Surgeries and procedures to treat a heart attack include:

  • Coronary angioplasty 
  • Stenting
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG).

How to book an appointment with a heart specialist online?

Booking online consultation with a heart specialist is simple now. 

All you have to do is visit the official page of the hospital or doctor's private clinic. Click on the link below to book an appointment with Aster Medcity.  

This link takes you to a list of qualified and experienced doctors. Click on the book an appointment tab and follow the instructions, and you are done.

What are the symptoms of a heart disease/problem?

The symptoms that indicate heart problems are as follows.

  • Chest discomfort
  • Chest pain (tightness or pressure)
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Cold sweat
  • Fatigue
  • Heartburn 
  • Indigestion
  • Lightheadedness
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Pain radiating to the back, neck, jaw, throat, or upper belly.

Who does heart surgery?

A surgeon with advanced education and training in operating on the heart and the major blood arteries surrounding it is known as a cardiac surgeon. A cardiac surgeon can specialise in certain cardiac operations. For instance, pediatric cardiac surgeons perform surgeries on children. 

Are bypass surgery safe?

Heart bypass surgery lowers the risk of death and heart attack and is generally safe and effective. Today, majority of patients with coronary bypass surgery experience no significant side effects, and the chance of death is reduced to 1-2 percent.

 How long will it take to heal from heart surgery?

An average hospital stay following open-heart surgery is four to five days. Following hospital discharge, it typically takes six to eight weeks for your breastbone and chest muscles to heal as you gradually reintroduce your daily activities.

How long does heart stent surgery take?

Typically, a heart stent surgery lasts between 5-6 hours. If you're receiving treatment for angina, you'll typically be allowed to leave the hospital later that day or the next.

Which hospital is the best for heart surgery in kerala?

The Centre of Excellence in Cardiac Sciences at Aster Medcity, one of the most cutting-edge facilities in Kerala, provides advanced cardiology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, cardiac surgery, heart transplant, and cardiac rehabilitation for all age groups.

The outstanding medical team of adult cardiologists, interventional cardiologists, and cardiac electrophysiologists provides patients with the best care possible.

What does a cardiologist do?

Doctors specializing in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cardiac diseases are cardiologists. A cardiologist examines the patient and goes through their medical history to assess the severity of the condition. They might perform some tests and assess the person's blood pressure, blood vessels, heart rate, and other factors determining heart health.

Can a blood clot cause a heart attack?

Blood flow is obstructed when coronary arteries are constricted due to plaque buildup. But when this plaque breaks, it forms a clot that could entirely cut off the blood supply: when this blood clot plugs the coronary arteries, it causes a heart attack.

What advancements or technologies are utilised by cardiologists?

A cardiac surgeon is a medical professional who specialises in surgical procedures of the hеart and blood vessels. Thеy are trained to perform surgeries such as coronary artеry bypass grafting, heart valve repair or replacement, and procedures to correct congenital hеart defects. Additionally, they may also perform surgeries to implant medical devices such as pacemakers or defibrillators. Cardiac surgeons work closely with cardiologists to provide comprehensive care for patients with hеart problems. If you reside in Kochi you can check our website to know more details. 

What is the role of a cardiac surgeon in a patient's treatment?

Thе role of a cardiac surgeon in a patient's treatment is pivotal, particularly when surgical intervention is necessary. Cardiac surgeons are responsible for assessing the patient's condition, determining the nееd for surgery, and performing the surgical procedure with precision and expertise. Thеy work closely with cardiologists to develop comprehensive treatment plans, and post-surgery, they oversee the patient's immediate recovery and provide guidance for long-tеrm carе. 

How should I prepare for my first visit to a cardiac surgeon?

Whеn prеparing for your first visit to a cardiac surgeon, it is important to gather rеlevant medical documents, including any cardiac test results, imaging studies, and rеports from your cardiologist or referring physician. Additionally, bring a list of current medications,  a rеcord of your medical history and any other relevant medical information. Be prepared to discuss your symptoms, concerns, and any questions you may have about your condition and potential surgical treatment. This will help the cardiac surgeon gain a comprehensive understanding of your health and provide you with the best care

What heart conditions cardiac surgeons attend to?

Cardiac surgeons attend to a wide rangе of hеart conditions that require surgical intervention. Thеsе may include coronary artery disеasе, hеart valve disorders (such as mitral valve prolapse, aortic stenosis, or mitral regurgitation), congenital hеart defects, aneurysms of the aorta, and more complеx conditions requiring surgical correction.

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