How to find a match and compatibility with a Kidney Transplant donor?
There are three main blood tests that will determine if a patient and a potential donor are a kidney match. They are blood typing, tissue typing and cross-matching.
What is Kidney Transplant?
Some people with kidney failure may be able to have a kidney transplant. During transplant surgery, a healthy kidney from a donor is placed into your body. The new, donated kidney does the work that your two kidneys used to do.
What is Dialysis?
Dialysis is a treatment for people whose kidneys are failing. Dialysis does the work of your kidneys, removing waste products and excess fluid from the blood.
How is kidney failure diagnosed?
Doctors use a variety of tests to measure kidney function and diagnose kidney failure. Through blood tests, Advance imaging which can show kidney abnormalities or obstructions (blockages) and urine tests.
What causes kidney failure?
The most common causes of kidney failure are diabetes and high blood pressure. Sometimes, though, kidney failure happens quickly due to an unforeseen cause.
What is Kidney failure?
Kidney failure (also called renal failure) means one or both kidneys can no longer function well on their own.
When should I consult a Urologist?
Have blood in your urine (Hematuria). Experience consistent pain or burning while urinating, which could indicate a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). Have a frequent need to urinate or have difficulty urinating. Experience incontinence. Have frequent UTIs. Have severe constipation. Conditions exclusive to men include problems with getting or keeping an erection; anything related to fertility; an elevation or change in your prostate-specific antigen (PSA); an abnormal prostate exam or a testicular mass or persistent pain. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among American men, yet in its early stages, prostate cancer often has no symptoms. Women experience urological problems differently, such as urinary incontinence and urinary tract infections. They also may have a urinary fistula, pelvic organ prolapse, and voiding dysfunction.
What type of procedure does a Urologist perform?
When you visit a urologist, they’ll start by doing one or more of these tests to find out what condition you have: Imaging tests, such as a CT Scan, MRI Scan, or Ultrasound, allow them to see inside your urinary tract. They can order a cystogram, which involves taking x-ray images of your bladder. Your urologist can perform a Cystoscopy. This involves using a thin scope called a cystoscope to see the inside of your urethra and bladder. They can perform a post-void residual urine test to find out how fast urine leaves your body during urination. It also shows how much urine is left in your bladder after you urinate. They can use a urine sample to check your urine for bacteria that cause infections. They can perform urodynamic testing to measure the pressure and volume inside your bladder. Urologists are also trained to perform different types of surgery. This may include performing: Biopsies of the bladder, kidneys, or prostate. A cystectomy, which involves removing the bladder, to treat cancer. Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy, which involves breaking up kidney stones so they can remove them more easily. A kidney transplant, which involves replacing a diseased kidney with a healthy one. A procedure to open a blockage. A repair of damage due to injury. A repair of urinary organs that aren’t well-formed. A prostatectomy, which involves removing all or part of the prostate gland to treat prostate cancer. A sling procedure, which involves using strips of mesh to support the urethra and keep it closed to treat urinary incontinence. Transurethral resection of the prostate, which involves removing excess tissue from an enlarged prostate. Transurethral needle ablation of the prostate, which involves removing excess tissue from an enlarged prostate. A ureteroscopy, which involves using a scope to remove stones in the kidneys and ureter. A vasectomy to prevent pregnancy, which involves cutting and tying the vas deferens or the tube sperm travel through to produce semen.
How long Does it take to heal from Cystoscopy?
These symptoms should get better in 1 or 2 days. You will be able to go back to work for usual activities in 1 or 2 days
What will a urologist do on the first visit?
They take your history and examine you. They also suggest few investigations as required.