The department of Rheumatology at Aster CMI hospital deals with the diagnosis and management of various types of arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions. Rheumatologists are specialists with expertise in managing these conditions, especially autoimmune disorders.
The conditions we treat includes
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Reactive arthritis
- Gout and other crystal arthritis
- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Lupus)
- Systemic sclerosis
- Sjogren's syndrome
- Inflammatory myositis
- Systemic vasculitis – various types
- Sarcoidosis Fibromyalgia, chronic pain
Aster CMI Hospital is equipped with specialized lab tests essential for the diagnosis of these conditions, and also state-of-the-art imaging modalities like CT, MRI Ultrasound, and DEXA scanning.
Treatment modalities are based on scientific research and the rheumatology practice is largely evidence-based. Our Rheumatologist is well versed with the use of Disease-Modifying Drugs and the newer Biologic drugs like Infliximab, Etanercept, Rituximab, Tocilizumab, etc and their monitoring.
The specialty offers both outpatient, inpatient, and emergency clinical services, and a Daycare facility for infusion of biologic drugs and Cyclophosphamide.
Want to find out more about the treatment? The answer to your questions can be found below.
Who are Rheumatologists?
Rheumatologists are doctors specialised in treating rheumatic and autoimmune diseases. They see patients with various types of arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, osteoarthritis, inflammatory eye diseases like uveitis, scleritis, sarcoidosis, ankylosing spondylitis, gout, fibromyalgia, lupus or SLE, scleroderma, myositis, vasculitis etc
When should you consult a Rheumatologist?
If you have pain, swelling or stiffness in joints, muscles or spine, lasting more than 6 weeks. If you have symptoms like fever, rashes, weight loss, cough, shortness of breath, red eyes etc along with joint pains. If joint pains are not resolving with simple pain killers and you are having recurrent episodes of pain
How is arthritis treated?
The aim of treatment is to control pain, minimize joint damage and improve or maintain physical function. The drugs used to treat a rheumatoid type of arthritis are called disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. Apart from medications, exercise, patient education, and sometimes surgery also play a role.
What are the symptoms of arthritis?
Pain, stiffness and swelling in joints are the most common symptoms. Symptoms can develop suddenly or gradually over time. Certain autoimmune conditions like lupus, apart from having joint pains as a symptom, can also have skin rashes, mouth ulcers, dry eyes and mouth, Raynaud’s, hair fall etc. Psoriatic arthritis can be associated with skin psoriasis
What are the types of arthritis?
There are two broad types, namely degenerative and inflammatory arthritis.
Degenerative arthritis, the more common type, is found in people over 45 years of age and occurs due to wear and tear in the joints. Symptoms are limited to the joints involved, in the form of pain on using the joint and relief with rest.
Inflammatory group of arthritis includes rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, gout, etc. Most of these are due to immune dysregulation and affect younger people, usually 25-45years age group.
Is there a cure for arthritis? Are lifelong medications the norm?
Although there is no permanent cure for most types, starting treatment early and taking it regularly will put arthritis into remission and patients can lead a normal life. The chances of being able to stop medications eventually would also be high
Can arthritis be prevented?
The risk of developing certain types of arthritis can be reduced by avoiding smoking, avoiding being overweight and avoiding injuries. Regular physical activities, eating a healthy diet, avoiding stress are all beneficial
How is arthritis diagnosed?
Diagnosis is mostly by taking a history from the patient and doing a clinical examination. Certain blood tests help in confirming the diagnosis. X rays and sometimes MRI help in assessing the severity of arthritis
What causes arthritis?
Although the cause for many types of arthritis is not known, it is thought to be due to a combination of genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. Smoking, obesity greatly increases the risk of developing various types of arthritis
What is arthritis?
The term arthritis is used for any condition that affects joints, causing pain and stiffness in the affected joints
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