Paediatrics & Neonatology

Neonatal Care aims to provide optimum state-of-the-art care for critically ill and recovering neonates and infants.

The department offers high-intensity neonatal care 24/7. The Department of Neonatology has neonatologists, paediatricians, paediatric surgeons and nurses trained in new-born care.

The department provides neonatal resuscitation at every delivery. Care of babies born to high-risk mothers. Care of low birth weight babies. Care of sick newborn. Newborn screening for hearing defects and inborn errors of metabolism. Antenatal counseling. Total body cooling.

The pediatric department caters to all the needs of children of every age group and provides the best care for your child’s development from Immunisation to Vaccination, Asthma management, Developmental screenings and Weight management.


We provide comprehensive treatment for all types diseases under one roof. Our highly experienced doctors supported by especially trained clinical staff, ensure the best care for you.


Well equipped with the latest medical equipment, modern technology & infrastructure, Aster Hospital is one of the best hospitals in India.

Technology & Infrastructure
  • Paediatric esophagoscopes, gastroscopes, bronchoscopes and colonoscopes.
  • Paediatric and neonatal resectoscopes & cystoscopes.
  • Paediatric and neonatal laparoscopic instrumentation.
  • Robotic instrumentation
  • State of the art Pathology, Microbiology and Histopathology with special immunohistochemistry analysis.
  • Intensive care units that are back up with fully functional Neonatal Intensive Care
  • Unit (NICU) and Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU).
  • A range of Paediatric Radiology services that include conventional radiology with an image intensifier for contrast studies, and sophisticated Ultrasounds, MRCP, CT scan, MRI, Nuclear scan, PET-CT scan etc.
  • Intraoperative radiological services.
Day care surgeries
Audiology services
Speech therapy
High-end Incubators & Warmers

The NICU is equipped with giraffe omniBed care stations, giraffe infant care incubators and high-end resuscitation warmers etc. Combining with state-of-the-art technology, innovative design and exceptional thermal performance it creates a healing environment to help newborns thrive.

Care of Extreme Preterm

(>23 weeks and above 400 grams)

The unit has an excellent blend of neonatologists trained in Canada, UK, and India. With this experience, the team has the ability to manage any extreme preterms (>350 gm and more than 22 weeks). The past experience data has shown excellent outcomes both short term and long term with the least mortality when compared to any top centres of the world.

Inhaled Nitric Oxide

The unit is equipped with SLE Inosys Nitric Oxide (NO) delivery and monitoring system, which delivers Nitric Oxide. This is an advanced therapy for the management of babies with severe pulmonary hypertension. This modality is useful in babies born with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia and in those with severe meconium aspiration syndrome.

Advanced Ventilation

The unit is also unit is equipped with SLE6000 ventilators, the most advanced ventilators available so far. It provides invasive and non-invasive ventilation. The unit also provides advanced ventilation in the form of Nasal Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation (NIPPV), and High-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation (HFOV).

Resuscitation Stations

The unit offers newborn resuscitation corners in the labour rooms and maternal OTs. The arrangement can also handle twin deliveries. These stations have inbuilt T-piece devices, air oxygen blenders, suction apparatus and timers.

Amplitude Integrated EEG

Only a few NICUs in India is equipped with facilities like Amplitude integrated EEG, that is used to monitor subclinical seizures in cooled and seizure babies. It also helps the team to predict neurodevelopmental outcomes in birth asphyxia babies.

Total Body Cooling

The NICU has a servo-controlled machine that enables the doctors to treat babies born with birth asphyxia. With this equipment, the temperature is reduced to 33.5°C and can be maintained at that level for 3 days. This treatment has been shown to significantly improve the outcomes in babies.

Point of Care Ultrasound

The team performs 2D echocardiograms, cranial and lung ultra-sonograms using the bedside sonogram machine. This is used to treat patients with PDA, PPHN, shock, IVH, PVL, air leak etc.

Laminar Flow

To maintain highly sterile conditions, the NICU is equipped with laminar flow hood for fluid preparation and TPN preparation. This keeps infection rates to minimum.

State of Art Neonatal Transport Ambulance

Aster Women and Children's Neonatal Transport Service is highly equipped with the intensive-care environment, it provides swift service for newborns in need of specialised critical care services. It is operated by a multidisciplinary team of experts who involve the usage of advanced technology.

On the arrival of Neonatal Transport Ambulance to Aster Women and Children hospital, the newborns are shifted to the Level 3B NICU where infants are put under the treatment curated by a highly trained team of Neonatologists.

The Neonatal Transport Service is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Each transport unit includes:
•    Total body cooling therapy
•    Ventilation
•    Nitric oxide
•    Enhanced vehicle hydraulics to ensure a smoother ride
•    Ambient lighting to enhance relaxation


Want to find out more about the treatment? The answer to your questions can be found below.

What is Paediatric endocrinology?

The endocrine system consists of various glands that secrete hormones. Hormones are chemical signals which are poured by the glands into the blood and carried by it to different target organs where they perform regulatory functions of growth, puberty, metabolism of blood glucose, calcium and many more.

Paediatric endocrinology is a subspecialty of paediatrics that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the endocrine system in children such as diabetes, disorders of  growth, puberty, thyroid, adrenal glands, bone and calcium etc.

What is the most common pulmonology disease seen in Children?

Bronchitis is the most common lung disease seen in children. It is a viral infection, in which the large breathing tubes that open into the lungs get swollen and red. This causes breathing issues and irritation in these tubes called bronchial tubes because of too much mucus created by the linings.

What services does the pulmonology department of Aster Women and Children Hospital provide?

  • Aster Women and Children Hospital’s dedicated Centre for Pediatric Pulmonology is one of the best pulmonology departments which combines expertise with the latest technological developments to offer the best clinical and interventional services in pediatric pulmonology and sleep medicine.
  • The department is specialized with special emphasis on Asthma, respiratory clinic, and allergy testing in the pediatric population.
  • Our pediatric pulmonologists excel in interventional pulmonology treating complex advanced lung diseases, congenital lung malformations, Pediatric airway stenting, Foreign body removal, and pediatric and neonatal bronchoscopic procedures. 
  • At our center, we follow international treatment protocols to ensure optimal evidence-based care at all times and offer best-in-class healthcare services for pediatric care.

What are the signs that my child is suffering from pulmonary disease?

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Shortness of breath 
  • A cough that is persisting for long 
  • Mucus or blood in cough 
  • Pain and discomfort while breathing

What common clinical tests would the doctor suggest if my child is suffering from pulmonary disease?

The doctor might suggest following tests for your child depending upon the symptoms

  • Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy
  • X-ray
  • Pulmonary function testing 
  • Sweat chloride test
  • Bronchoalveolar lavage
  • Laryngoscopy
  • Skin prick test

Is asthma in children allergic?

Asthma is not allergic but children having allergies or having a family history of allergies are more susceptible to asthma. If a child having asthma also have allergies it can worsen the symptoms of asthma

Why has paediatric endocrinology become important?

The endocrine disorders that affect children are different from those seen in adults. The management of these disorders requires a depth of knowledge and expertise which is often beyond that can be attained by general practitioners in this specialty. 

Paediatric endocrinologists are specifically trained to have a better understanding of these disorders and their impact on different stages of growth and development of your child. They are also trained specifically to handle children and address the concerns of the families, making a timely diagnosis and initiation of treatment when indicated, and specific monitoring of certain disorders.

The Paediatric endocrinology history is often detailed, in depth and followed by a thorough and complete examination of your child in order to put together a comprehensive assessment and best possible plan for your child.

Who is a pediatric pulmonologist?

A pediatric pulmonologist is an experienced and qualified doctor who has expertise in diagnosing, treating, and managing from newborn to 18 years old for breathing and lung diseases.

If I visit the pediatric pulmonology center at Aster, I can get treatment for which pulmonology diseases for my child.

  • Our team manages, acute and long-term respiratory conditions through our evidence-based and latest treatments. 
  • Our pulmonologists specialize in Bronchiectasis, Cystic fibrosis, Primary ciliary dyskinesias, Immunodeficiencies 
  • We conduct dedicated bimonthly state-of-the-art multidisciplinary clinics gathering all specialties under one roof and providing support groups

What are the common pulmonary/ lung diseases in children?

  • Chronic cough 
  • Wheezing 
  • Pneumonia
  • Exercise limitation
  • Asthma
  • Cystic fibrosis 
  • Lung diseases in infants include chronic lung diseases like bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Can respiratory diseases be allergic?

Yes, respiratory diseases can be allergic and affect breathing in children. If, the child is creating a wheezing sound while breathing or if there is rapid breathing or shortness of breath it might be a sign of allergic respiratory infection. A dry cough with clear mucus also indicates that it can be an allergy.

Can my newborn baby be suffering from pulmonary disease?

A newborn baby may have Newborn respiratory distress syndrome if the lungs are not fully developed and are not providing enough oxygen, which may cause breathing difficulty. This condition has been usually observed in newborn babies.


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