The thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland on the front of the neck, is affected by diseases known as thyroid disorders. The thyroid plays a vital function in controlling several metabolic processes that occur throughout the body. Thyroid problems come in several forms and impact the thyroid's structure or function.
Let’s delve deeper into the world of thyroid tumors, a widespread concern affecting nearly 50% of India's population, with hypothyroidism being a common challenge. While this condition is often managed with medications, about 60 to 70% of these are benign and non-cancerous.
These benign tumors don't always necessitate surgery, except in cases where they lead to cosmetic concerns or exert pressure, causing breathing difficulties or compressing the esophagus. Earlier, even if they were benign, people used to seek surgeries due to fear that they might turn cancerous.
Thyroid Treatment: Ablation Techniques
Earlier, surgery was the primary solution for thyroid tumors, often leaving patients with a surgery mark around their neck. However, due to technical and medical advancements in interventional radiology, there's a remarkable alternative – Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) or Microwave Ablation (MWA). Both procedures, utilizing different forms of energy, can be performed through a small hole with minimal sedation. In a mere one and a half to two minutes, these ablation techniques can effectively reduce the size of the lump and nullify symptoms. Unlike conventional surgeries, where complications were common, ablation surgery is a day-care procedure, allowing patients to return home after a 5-6 hour observation period, with a complication rate of less than 1%.
As we look ahead, the potential of ablation techniques extends beyond benign thyroid nodules to the adjacent parathyroid gland. Women entering menopause often face the impact of adenomas in this gland, contributing to conditions like hypercalcemia. Traditionally, parathyroid resection, a major surgical intervention, was the go-to solution. However, with this advancement, we've embraced this less invasive approach.
While currently not used for treating thyroid cancers, ongoing research in Japan and Korea hints at a promising future. The procedure's efficacy may extend to removing thyroid cancers smaller than 10 mm with this less invasive alternative. At Aster Medcity, we stand at the forefront of these transformative technologies, offering hope and a less invasive route to thyroid health.
We have some of the best specialists from around the world, they bring years of experience and offer evidence-based treatment to ensure the best care for you.