Aster Prime Hospital does not offer any sort of employment in exchange for payment of money for any purpose whatsoever. If you receive any similar kind of offer from anyone representing Aster Prime Hospital, please send an email with the intimation and related documents to [email protected].
Laparoscopic pyeloplasty

What is  Laparoscopic pyeloplasty?

Laparoscopic pyeloplasty is a surgical treatment used to restore a kidney's obstructed or constricted ureteropelvic junction (UPJ). The UPJ is the area where the kidney pelvis (the central collecting part of the kidney) meets the ureter (the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder). When this junction becomes obstructed or narrowed, it can lead to a condition known as ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO).

UPJO can cause urine to back up into the kidney, leading to potential complications such as kidney stones, infections, and kidney damage over time. A minimally invasive technique called laparoscopic pyeloplasty can be used to treat this illness and restore normal urine flow from the kidney to the bladder.

During the procedure, the surgeon makes several small incisions in the patient's abdomen. Through these tiny incisions, they insert a laparoscope—a thin, flexible tube with a camera and light attached—to visualize the internal structures. Special surgical instruments are also inserted through the incisions to perform the necessary steps of the pyeloplasty.

The surgeon will carefully identify and remove the narrowed or obstructed part of the ureteropelvic junction. Then, they will reconstruct the junction to widen it and improve urine flow. This can involve reattaching the healthy portions of the ureter and renal pelvis using sutures or other techniques to create a wider passage.

Laparoscopic pyeloplasty offers several advantages over traditional open surgery, including smaller incisions, reduced post-operative pain, shorter hospital stays, and faster recovery times. However, like any surgical procedure, it still carries some risks, and not all patients are suitable candidates for this approach.

Why and when is Laparoscopic pyeloplasty recommended?

Laparoscopic pyeloplasty is recommended as a treatment option for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) when conservative measures (such as observation or medication) have not effectively resolved the problem, and the obstruction is causing significant symptoms or complications. Here are some common scenarios in which laparoscopic pyeloplasty may be recommended:

  • Persistent Symptoms: When a patient experiences persistent symptoms related to UPJO, such as recurrent kidney infections, kidney stones, or pain, despite conservative management, surgical intervention may be considered.
  • Hydronephrosis: Hydronephrosis is the swelling of the kidney due to the backup of urine caused by UPJO. If the hydronephrosis is severe or causing kidney function to deteriorate, surgical intervention may be necessary to relieve the obstruction and improve kidney drainage.
  • Unilateral Kidney: If the affected individual has a solitary functioning kidney (only one kidney), it becomes even more critical to address UPJO promptly to protect kidney function.
  • Poor Response to Other Procedures: In some cases, other minimally invasive procedures like ureteral stenting or balloon dilation may be attempted initially to treat UPJO. If these procedures fail to provide lasting relief, laparoscopic pyeloplasty may be the next step.
  • Young Patients: Laparoscopic pyeloplasty can be a suitable option for pediatric patients with UPJO as it offers the benefits of minimally invasive surgery and quicker recovery.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnant women with UPJO may require surgical intervention if the condition poses a risk to the health of the mother or the developing baby.

It's important to note that the recommendation for laparoscopic pyeloplasty will depend on various factors, including the patient's overall health, the severity of the obstruction, the presence of any complicating factors, and the surgeon's expertise. A urologist or a qualified surgeon will evaluate the specific case and discuss the appropriate treatment options with the patient, considering the potential benefits and risks of the procedure.

How is Laparoscopic pyeloplastydifferent from the conventional treatment?

Laparoscopic pyeloplasty and conventional (open) pyeloplasty are both surgical procedures used to treat ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO), but they differ in their approach and techniques. Here's a comparison of the two procedures:

Surgical Approach:

  • Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty: Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive approach. It involves making several small incisions in the patient's abdomen through which a laparoscope and specialized surgical instruments are inserted. The laparoscope provides a magnified view of the surgical area, allowing the surgeon to perform the procedure with precision.
  • Conventional (Open) Pyeloplasty: Open pyeloplasty is a traditional surgical approach. It requires making a larger incision in the patient's abdomen or flank to access the affected kidney and ureter directly.

Incision Size and Scarring:

  • Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty: The small incisions used in laparoscopic pyeloplasty result in less scarring and reduced visible marks after the surgery compared to open pyeloplasty.
  • Conventional (Open) Pyeloplasty: Open surgery involves a larger incision, which can lead to more noticeable scarring.

Hospital Stay:

  • Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty: The minimally invasive nature of laparoscopic pyeloplasty often allows for a shorter hospital stay, typically 1 to 2 days.
  • Conventional (Open) Pyeloplasty: Open pyeloplasty usually requires a longer hospital stay, typically 3 to 5 days.

Post-operative Pain and Recovery:

  • Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty: Patients generally experience less post-operative pain and discomfort with laparoscopic pyeloplasty. The smaller incisions result in quicker healing and a faster overall recovery time.
  • Conventional (Open) Pyeloplasty: Open surgery may cause more post-operative pain and discomfort due to the larger incision and the need to cut through muscles and tissues.


  • Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty: The smaller incisions in laparoscopic pyeloplasty result in less visible scarring, which may be preferred by some patients for cosmetic reasons.
  • Conventional (Open) Pyeloplasty: Open surgery may leave more noticeable scars.

How is life after Laparoscopic pyeloplasty?

Life after Laparoscopic pyeloplasty, a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to treat a condition called ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction, can vary depending on individual circumstances and the success of the surgery. Here are some general aspects to consider:

  • Recovery Period: The initial recovery period after laparoscopic pyeloplasty typically involves a few days in the hospital and then several weeks of rest and limited activity at home. During this time, you might experience some pain, discomfort, and fatigue, but these symptoms should gradually improve.
  • Pain and Discomfort: Pain and discomfort are common in the immediate aftermath of the surgery, but they should decrease over time. 
  • Activity Restrictions: Initially, you'll be advised to avoid strenuous activities and heavy lifting for a certain period of time, typically a few weeks. As you recover, you can gradually increase your activity level under the guidance of your healthcare provider.
  • Diet: Your doctor may provide specific dietary guidelines during your recovery. It's important to stay hydrated and eat a balanced diet to support healing.
  • Follow-Up Appointments: Regular follow-up appointments with your surgeon will be scheduled to monitor your progress and ensure that the surgical site is healing properly.
  • Returning to Work and Normal Activities: The timeline for returning to work and normal activities can vary depending on the nature of your job and your overall health. Some individuals may be able to return to work within a few weeks, while others might need more time.
  • Long-Term Outlook: Laparoscopic pyeloplasty is generally considered an effective treatment for UPJ obstruction, and it often leads to improved kidney function and symptom relief. However, individual outcomes can vary. It's important to attend all recommended follow-up appointments to monitor your kidney function and overall health.
  • Resuming Physical Activities: Once you have fully recovered and received clearance from your healthcare provider, you can gradually resume physical activities and exercise. Always follow your doctor's recommendations to prevent any complications.

Our Doctors

We have some of the best specialists from around the world, they bring years of experience and offer evidence-based treatment to ensure the best care for you.


At Aster Hospitals we provide the highest quality of care and a transformative experience for all your healthcare needs. With our network of multi-speciality hospitals, specialised doctors, and world-class technology, we bring global standards of medical care to our patients.

What are the benefits of laparoscopic pyeloplasty over open surgery?

Laparoscopic pyeloplasty offers several advantages, including smaller incisions, reduced post-operative pain, shorter hospital stays, faster recovery times, and minimal scarring compared to conventional open surgery.

How long does the surgery take?

The duration of laparoscopic pyeloplasty varies depending on the complexity of the case. On average, the procedure can take anywhere from 1.5 to 4 hours.

Are there any risks or complications associated with laparoscopic pyeloplasty?

As with any surgical procedure, there are risks involved with laparoscopic pyeloplasty, including infection, bleeding, and adverse reactions to anesthesia. However, serious complications are relatively rare.

How successful is laparoscopic pyeloplasty in treating UPJO?

Laparoscopic pyeloplasty has a high success rate, and most patients experience significant improvement in their symptoms and kidney function after the procedure.

Am I a candidate for laparoscopic pyeloplasty?

Your urologist or surgeon will determine whether you are a suitable candidate for laparoscopic pyeloplasty based on factors such as the severity of your UPJO, overall health, and previous medical history.

What is the recovery period after laparoscopic pyeloplasty?

The recovery period typically involves 1 to 3 days of hospitalization, followed by a few weeks of limited activity and careful monitoring. Most patients can gradually return to their normal activities within 2 to 4 weeks.

Will I need a catheter after the surgery?

Yes, a catheter may be inserted to help drain urine from the bladder immediately after the surgery. The catheter is usually removed within a few days once the patient's condition stabilizes.

Will I need to follow any special instructions after the surgery?

Yes, your healthcare provider will provide you with specific post-operative instructions. These may include wound care, medication management, dietary guidelines, and recommendations for gradually resuming activities.


One Aster

Personalized Medical Assistant for all your healthcare needs.
Book instant appointment, pay securely, eConsult with our doctors and save all your health records at one place are some of the benefits of OneAster App. It is everything you need, to manage your family Health.


Scan QR Code To Download

* Registration available only for valid Indian mobile number