Understanding and Preventing Cervical Cancer: A Comprehensive Guide

by Dr. Rohit Kumar C

Cervical cancer, a preventable, detectable, treatable, and curable condition, demands our attention and understanding. Dr. Rohit Kumar, Consultant Surgical Oncologist at Aster International Institute of Oncology, Aster CMI Hospital, Bengaluru, sheds light on this crucial topic.

The Global Issue:

Globally, nearly 6 lakh patients are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year, and the problem is alarming. Out of 1 lakh diagnosed individuals, approximately 60,000 lose their lives annually.

HPV and Cervical Cancer:

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the primary cause of cervical cancer, responsible for 95% of cases. Anyone sexually active, regardless of the frequency or number of partners, can develop HPV infection. However, not everyone with HPV infection develops cervical cancer; it depends on the body's immune response.

Prevention through Vaccination:

Preventing cervical cancer involves HPV vaccination, similar to how we prevent COVID infections. The ideal age for vaccination is between 9 to 14 years, extending up to 26 years. Vaccination before becoming sexually active is crucial for optimal efficacy.

Screening and Early Detection:

Cervical cancer can be detected in its pre-malignant stages through HPV screening and Pap smear. The screening protocol recommends regular screening for women aged 21 to 65, depending on their age group.

Treatment Modalities:

Treatment for cervical cancer involves surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and radiotherapy. Aster CMI Hospitals, Bengaluru, offers advanced treatment options, including robotic surgeries, fertility-sparing surgeries, and multidisciplinary tumor discussions.

Empowering Women:

Dr. Kumar emphasizes that cervical cancer is treatable and curable, especially when detected early. The key is to get vaccinated, undergo regular screenings, and trust the comprehensive treatment options available at Aster CMI Hospitals.


Dr. Rohit Kumar concludes by encouraging everyone to take preventive measures seriously—get vaccinated, undergo regular screenings, and empower yourself against cervical cancer. Together, we can put an end to this preventable disease.


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