How To Deal With Allergies

Posted on : Dec 11, 2014


Common triggers of an allergic reaction

  • Pet Dander
  • Certain Plants and Pollen
  • Bee stings / insects bites
  • Nuts
  • Shellfish
  • Certain medications

Common symptoms

  • Hives (itchy red spots on the skin)
  • Nasal congestion
  • Itching
  • Rash

Symptoms that indicate a severe allergy :

  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Pain or tightness in the chest
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Dizziness (vertigo)
  • Swelling of the face, eyes, or tongue
  • Flushed face
  • Fear or anxiety
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Heart palpitations
  • Wheezing
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Unconsciousness

Identifying the triggers:

An allergy specialist (allergist) can help find the exact cause of your allergy through:

  • Skin testing - the most common diagnostic method that involves exposing the skin to various substances and observing reactions over time.
  • Specific IgE (immunoglobulin E) blood tests to identify IgE antibodies that relate to specific antigens or triggers.
  • Tests involving removal of suspected allergens and then re-introducing them to see if a reaction occurs.
  • Blood test for allergy checks for antibodies against a possible allergen (An antibody is a protein the body produces to fight harmful substances)

How Is an Allergic Reaction Treated?

Allergies can be managed by consciously avoiding contact with suspected triggers and medical help. However, if a person shows symptoms of an allergy all of a sudden, immediate medical help is mandatory. Remember, some allergies can even prove fatal.

Consult a dermatologist

Consult a pulmonologist