How High Blood pressure increases risk of complications in Pregnancy and How to prevent It?

by Dr. Divya Kumaraswamy

High blood pressure during pregnancy, also known as gestational hypertension or pre-eclampsia, can have several adverse effects on both the mother and the baby. Some potential effects include:

Complications for the mother

High blood pressure increases risk cardiac failure, thrombotic events. It may also affect the function of the kidneys and liver.

Preterm birth

High blood pressure can increase the risk of delivering the baby prematurely, requiring NICU care and complications of preterm

Restricted fetal growth

The reduced blood flow to the placenta caused by high blood pressure can result in restricted fetal growth, leading to low birth weight and potential developmental problems.

Abruption of Placenta

In severe cases, high blood pressure may cause the placenta to separate from the uterine wall prematurely, which can be life-threatening for both the mother and the baby.

How to manage high blood pressure during pregnancy

To manage high blood pressure during pregnancy, it's crucial for expectant mothers to attend regular prenatal check-ups, follow their healthcare provider's recommendations, and make necessary lifestyle changes to reduce the risks associated with gestational hypertension. Always consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and care during pregnancy.

Steps to prevent high blood pressure during pregnancy

Preventing high blood pressure during pregnancy involves regular prenatal check-ups, maintaining a healthy diet, managing stress, avoiding smoking and alcohol, and following any prescribed medications or treatments.