High blood pressure during pregnancy, also known as gestational hypertension or pre-eclampsia, can have several adverse effects on both the mother and the baby. Some potential effects include:
Complications for the mother
High blood pressure increases risk cardiac failure, thrombotic events. It may also affect the function of the kidneys and liver.
High blood pressure can increase the risk of delivering the baby prematurely, requiring NICU care and complications of preterm
Restricted fetal growth
The reduced blood flow to the placenta caused by high blood pressure can result in restricted fetal growth, leading to low birth weight and potential developmental problems.
Abruption of Placenta
In severe cases, high blood pressure may cause the placenta to separate from the uterine wall prematurely, which can be life-threatening for both the mother and the baby.
How to manage high blood pressure during pregnancy
To manage high blood pressure during pregnancy, it's crucial for expectant mothers to attend regular prenatal check-ups, follow their healthcare provider's recommendations, and make necessary lifestyle changes to reduce the risks associated with gestational hypertension. Always consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and care during pregnancy.
Steps to prevent high blood pressure during pregnancy
Preventing high blood pressure during pregnancy involves regular prenatal check-ups, maintaining a healthy diet, managing stress, avoiding smoking and alcohol, and following any prescribed medications or treatments.