Preeclampsia : Everything You Need to Know About

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Posted on : Dec 16, 2021


Preeclampsia is characterised as a pregnancy complication which involves high blood pressure and signs of damage to other organs like the liver or kidneys. The onset of preeclampsia usually happens after 20 weeks of pregnancy even in women whose blood pressure was normal. 

If ignored, preeclampsia can be really fatal and cause complications for both the mother and the baby. The best solution for preeclampsia is getting the baby delivered. Although, even post-delivery Preeclampsia can take some time to fade off.

It’s a challenging task if the mother is diagnosed with preeclampsia too early in the pregnancy to deliver the baby. While the baby needs more time to mature, even the fact of the mother and baby’s life being at risk with serious complications is considered.

Rarely, postpartum preeclampsia is seen in some cases which is the onset of disease after delivery of the baby.

Symptoms of Preeclampsia

It is common for Preeclampsia to develop in the body without showing any symptoms. There is a possibility of blood pressure increasing slowly or it may suddenly just jump. Monitoring blood pressure is vital for prenatal care as preeclampsia’s first sign of onset is rise in the blood pressure.

Other Preeclampsia symptoms include:

  • Sign of kidney problems like excess protein in urine
  • Severe headaches
  • Inefficient vision
  • Pain under the ribs or upper abdominal pain
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Decreased urine output
  • Thrombocytopenia which is a fall of platelets in the blood
  • Impaired liver function
  • Fluid build up in the lungs causing a shortness in breath
  • Sudden weight changes or swelling

What Causes Preeclampsia?

Several factors can be responsible for causing Preeclampsia in pregnant women. One of the best gynaecologists in Bangalore believes it starts at the placenta. 

Normally during pregnancy, new blood vessels develop and evolve to efficiently send blood to the placenta. Women with preeclampsia, their body fails to develop these blood vessels and don’t function properly. These blood vessels become narrower than usual and their reaction to hormonal signaling is abnormal. 

Causes of this may include:

  • Insufficient blood flow to the uterus
  • Damage to the blood vessels
  • A problem with the immune system
  • Certain genes

Preeclampsia Risk factors

Preeclampsia develops only as a complication of pregnancy. Risks include:

  • History of preeclampsia. 
  • Chronic hypertension. 
  • First pregnancy. 
  • New paternity.
  • Age. Very young women and women older than 35 run a higher risk
  • Obesity. 
  • Multiple pregnancies. 
  • Interval between pregnancies.    
  • History of certain conditions. 
  • In vitro fertilization. 

Preeclampsia Treatments

Here are the most effective ways to treat Preeclampsia :-

  • Delivery
  • Medications to lower blood pressure
  • Corticosteroids
  • Anticonvulsant medications

Visit one of the best obstetrics & gynaecology hospital in Bangalore to get treatment or consultation for Preeclampsia

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