Polycystic Ovary Syndrome - PCOS

by Dr. Sunil Eshwar

What causes PCOS?

The susceptibility to PCOS is often inherited, genetic, environmental and dietery. However, the cause is unknown.

What are the symptoms of PCOS?

  • Missed periods, irregular periods or very light periods
  • Infertility
  • Depression
  • Weight gain/loss
  • Unwanted facial or body hair (hirsutism)
  • Thinning hair or hair loss from the scalp
  • Black patches on neck
  • Pimples
  • Day time sleeping
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Snoring

Which age group is most prone to get PCOS?

Pcos is most common in reproductive phase of women. Women belonging to the age group of 15-44 yrs are at higher risk of developing PCOS.

What are the complications of PCOS?

Women with PCOS more likely to get certain serious health issues like type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, uterine cancer.

How does PCOS affect fertility?

Since women with PCOS have irregular cycles, tracking of ovulation is difficult, quality of egg goes compromised. This is how PCOS affects fertility in females.

Do I need to have IVF?

In most cases, the answer is no, especially if PCOS is your only condition. A full personal assessment of the couple needed, but most Patients are able to conceive naturally or some patients may need medications to induce ovulation. After a diagnosis of PCOS.

Are there any lifestyle changes i can do?

Symptoms can be improved through dietary and lifestyle changes, including.

  • Adding more protein, fruit and vegetables to your diet
  • Avoiding excess caffeine and alcohol
  • Do regular exercise
  • Get plenty of good quality sleep.
  • 30 minutes daily/ 3 times a week of exercise like squats, jumping jacks,
  • bicepscurls etc.
  • Avoid junk and oily food.

Do all pcos patients gain weight?

Only around 50% of patients are obese. Thin pcos patients do have other symptoms.

Is there a cure for PCOS?

PCOS cannot be cured, but symptoms can be managed and kept under control by following healthy lifestyle.

Is yoga helpful for PCOS?

Yes, yoga may reduce testosterone levels. It relieves stress and anxiety, regulate menstrual cycles, calms down the mind and improve the metabolic markers.