Types of Hypertension
There are two types of Hypertension
Essential / Primary Hypertension
A condition wherein there is no identifiable cause. Reasons could be age, genetics or unhealthy lifestyle.
Elevated blood pressure due to health complications including kidney, thyroid, adrenal diseases/ disorders, sleep apnoea, pregnancy or excessive alcohol consumption.
Symptoms of Hypertension
High blood pressure can lead to symptoms like
- Recurrent headache
- Shortness of breath
- Irregular heartbeat
- Vomiting / nausea
- Nose bleed
If you experience any of the above symptoms, please seek medical help without delay.
Health complications due to Hypertension
High blood pressure is called the ‘Silent Killer’ as it may not, in certain cases, present any symptoms. This is the reason you should always keep your Blood Pressure in check.
Uncontrolled and untreated hypertension can affect the entire body including blood vessels organs like the brain, heart, lungs, kidney and liver.
High blood pressure increases the risk of
- Heart diseases
- Heart attack
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Kidney failure
- Liver diseases
Preventing And Managing Hypertension
High blood pressure can be prevented and managed efficiently by adopting a healthy lifestyle. Here’s what you need to do:
Exercise – physical exercise for 40 minutes a day can help control your blood pressure. Exercise helps pump blood across the body efficiently, keeps your heart and brain healthy, burns away excess body fat/calories and maintains your body weight – all of which helps keep your blood pressure levels under control. Brisk walking for 40 minutes every day is the easiest form of exercise plan you can follow.
Healthy diet – eat well-balanced, nutritious meals, on time. Eat more vegetables, fruits, green leafy vegetables, legumes, pulses, whole grain, white meat, fish, soya and nuts; have less red meat, eggs, full fat milk products and caffeine.
Avoid junk food – stay away from foods high in sugar, salt, preservatives and oil.
Stay hydrated – drink plenty of water, avoid carbonated drinks
Quit smoking and alcohol – smoking and drinking worsens hypertension
Manage stress – anxiety and stress can cause hypertension. Manage stress with calming techniques like meditation and Yoga.