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Interventional Cardiology

Aster Medcity is one of the best cardiology hospital in Kochi, Kerala & is known for providing superior quality services in diagnosis and treatment related to heart disorders. We provide services, such as heart transplant, advanced cardiology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, and cardiac rehabilitation services for both children and adults.

We have a team of heart specialists from India and abroad who provide excellent services in areas of interventional cardiology, paediatric cardiology, vascular interventions, valvular interventions, pacemaker implantations, and interventional radiology. We use advanced and high precision diagnostic tests such as cardiac ultrasound, diagnostic angiography, cardiac CT and MRI, stress echocardiography, electrophysiological study, cardiac biomarker testing to evaluate our patient’s condition and also to find out our treatment outcomes.

Advanced Technology & Facilities

Well equipped with the latest medical equipment, modern technology & infrastructure, Aster Hospital is one of the best hospitals in India.

Inpatient Facilities

Aster Medcity offers world-class inpatient care to its patients, with the support of an award-winning team of Nurses, Therapists and Technicians. Wards, double rooms, standard rooms, executive rooms, deluxe rooms presidential suites Dedicated Cardiac ICU Independent ICUs with a view that minimise chances of infection and ICU psychosis Dedicated cardiac surgery suites Advanced infection control facilities State-of-the-art cardiac imaging

World-Class Technology

Aster Centre of Excellence in Cardiac Sciences is first facility in Kerala to offer three cathlabs with a state-of-the-art electrophysiology lab / intravascular ultrasound, fractional flow reserve estimate and rotablation. The comprehensive range of medical technology here includes: Flat panel hybrid vascular biplane cathlab Low radiation CLARITY cathlab OR1 Karl Storz Fusion Integrated C Green OT certified surgical suites with autopilot anaesthesia and live sharing facility Philips IntelliSpace Critical Care & Anaesthesia digital ICU ECMO (Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation) Philips EPIQ Echocardiography machines for 2D and live 3D imaging Trans-Oesophageal Echocardiography with Doppler, Colour Doppler modalities Dobutamine stress test for physically disabled patients Intra-operative trans-oesophageal ECHO / Doppler / Colour-flow Doppler Philips 256 Slice iCT scan Wide Bore 3.0 Tesla MRI cardiac studies Philips Astonish True Flight Select PET-CT with Time Of Flight technology GE SPECT-CT Optima NM 640 Gamma Camera

Outpatient Services

The Centre of Excellence in Cardiac Sciences at Aster Medcity offers a wide range of outpatient services for detection and treatment of complex heart diseases and disorders. This includes: Cardiac structural/functional evaluation including advanced imaging Heart Failure Clinic Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinic 2D / Live 3D Echocardiography Colour Doppler imaging Tissue Doppler imaging Strain Quantification Trans-Esophageal Echocardiography including live 3D TEE 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring 24-hour ECG monitoring (Holter monitoring) Cardiac stress tests including Tread Mill Test, Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography, Head Up Tilt Test (HUTT)


Want to find out more about the treatment? The answer to your questions can be found below.

How long do heart patients stay in the hospital?

  • Heart attack minimum of 3-5 days
  • Angiogram as Day care
  • Heart Angioplasty in 2 days
  • Heart Failure in 5-7 days.

Which doctor to consult for a heart problem?

A specialist in detecting, diagnosing, treating, and preventing conditions of the heart, arteries, and veins is a cardiologist, often known as a "heart doctor," "heart physician," or "heart specialist." A regular check-up with this heart specialist doctor can help you stay on top of your heart health and lower the risk for heart disease. 


What are the treatment options for a heart attack?

 A heart attack occurs when one or more coronary arteries get blocked, reducing or stopping blood flow to the heart, and depriving a part of the heart muscle of oxygen.

The treatment options vary based on the extent of obstruction (total or partial). Medications to treat a heart attack include aspirin, clot busters, thrombolytics or fibrinolytics), blood-thinning medications like Heparin, Nitroglycerin, morphine, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and statins.

Surgeries and procedures to treat a heart attack include:

  • Coronary angioplasty 
  • Stenting
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG).

How to book an appointment with a heart specialist online?

Booking online consultation with a heart specialist is simple now. 

All you have to do is visit the official page of the hospital or doctor's private clinic. Click on the link below to book an appointment with Aster Medcity.  

This link takes you to a list of qualified and experienced doctors. Click on the book an appointment tab and follow the instructions, and you are done.

What are the symptoms of a heart disease/problem?

The symptoms that indicate heart problems are as follows.

  • Chest discomfort
  • Chest pain (tightness or pressure)
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Cold sweat
  • Fatigue
  • Heartburn 
  • Indigestion
  • Lightheadedness
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Pain radiating to the back, neck, jaw, throat, or upper belly.

Who does heart surgery?

A surgeon with advanced education and training in operating on the heart and the major blood arteries surrounding it is known as a cardiac surgeon. A cardiac surgeon can specialise in certain cardiac operations. For instance, pediatric cardiac surgeons perform surgeries on children. 

Are bypass surgery safe?

Heart bypass surgery lowers the risk of death and heart attack and is generally safe and effective. Today, majority of patients with coronary bypass surgery experience no significant side effects, and the chance of death is reduced to 1-2 percent.

 How long will it take to heal from heart surgery?

An average hospital stay following open-heart surgery is four to five days. Following hospital discharge, it typically takes six to eight weeks for your breastbone and chest muscles to heal as you gradually reintroduce your daily activities.

How long does heart stent surgery take?

Typically, a heart stent surgery lasts between 5-6 hours. If you're receiving treatment for angina, you'll typically be allowed to leave the hospital later that day or the next.

Which hospital is the best for heart surgery in kerala?

The Centre of Excellence in Cardiac Sciences at Aster Medcity, one of the most cutting-edge facilities in Kerala, provides advanced cardiology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, cardiac surgery, heart transplant, and cardiac rehabilitation for all age groups.

The outstanding medical team of adult cardiologists, interventional cardiologists, and cardiac electrophysiologists provides patients with the best care possible.

What does a cardiologist do?

Doctors specializing in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cardiac diseases are cardiologists. A cardiologist examines the patient and goes through their medical history to assess the severity of the condition. They might perform some tests and assess the person's blood pressure, blood vessels, heart rate, and other factors determining heart health.

Can a blood clot cause a heart attack?

Blood flow is obstructed when coronary arteries are constricted due to plaque buildup. But when this plaque breaks, it forms a clot that could entirely cut off the blood supply: when this blood clot plugs the coronary arteries, it causes a heart attack.

How does a Cardiologist decide on a treatment plan?

A Cardiologist determines a treatment plan by conducting a thorough assessment of a patient's health, which typically includes medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests such as ECG, echocardiogram, or stress tests. Basеd on the results, the Cardiologist may recommend lifestyle changes, medications, or interventions like angioplasty or bypass surgery.

A Cardiologist would follow similar protocols but also take into account regional factors, the prevalence of specific heart conditions, and the patient's individual health circumstances. If you live in Kochi, for personalised advice and treatment plan, it is important to consult with a qualified cardiologist.

What are the most common conditions that a Cardiologist treats?

Cardiologists are adept at treating a wide range of heart-related conditions. Here are some of the most common conditions that cardiologists are involved with, alongside the typical treatments they may administer or recommend for each:

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD):

- Health Conditions: Plaque buildup in the coronary arteries causing reduced blood flow to the heart.

- Treatments: Lifestyle changes, medications (like aspirin, beta-blockers, or statins), angioplasty with stent placement, and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction):

- Health Conditions: Blockage of blood flow to the heart muscle, causing tissue damage.

- Treatments: Emergency intervention with angioplasty and stenting, use of clot-dissolving medications, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and long-term lifestyle modification.

Heart Failure:

- Health Conditions: The heart’s inability to pump blood effectively.

- Treatments: Medications such as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), beta-blockers, diuretics, and in advanced cases, devices like pacemakers or ventricular assist devices (VADs), and possibly heart transplantation.

Arrhythmias (including atrial fibrillation):

- Health Conditions: Abnormal heart rhythms.

- Treatments: Medication, electrical cardioversion, catheter ablation, pacemakers, implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs).

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy:

- Health Conditions: Thickened heart muscle that can impair the heart's ability to pump blood.

- Treatments: Lifestyle changes, medications, surgical myectomy, alcohol septal ablation, and use of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for preventing sudden cardiac death.

Congenital Heart Disease:

- Health Conditions: Malformations of the heart present since birth.

- Treatments: Depends on the specific anomaly; may include medication, catheter-based procedures, or heart surgery.

Valvular Heart Disease:

- Health Conditions: Malfunction of one or more of the heart valves that may involve stenosis or regurgitation.

- Treatments: Medication, balloon valvuloplasty, valve repair, or valve replacement surgery.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure):

- Health Conditions: Chronic condition where the force of blood against artery walls is too high.

- Treatments: Lifestyle interventions, medications such as diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, ARBs, calcium channel blockers.

What question you should ask a Cardiologist?

When consulting a Cardiologist, it is helpful to ask questions such as:

What is my current hеart health status, and what specific factors should I bе aware of?

What lifestyle changes or habits should I adopt to improvе my health?

What medications, if any, are necessary, and what are their potential side effects?

What diagnostic tests or procedures do you recommend, and how will they help assess my hеart health?

If a procedurе or surgery is suggested, what are the risks and bеnеfits, and what altеrnativеs arе available?

Arе there specific considerations or local factors in Kochi that might affect my trеatment?

When should I consider seeing a Cardiologist?

You should consider seeing a cardiologist if you have risk factors for heart diseases such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, or a family history of heart disease. Additionally, if you experience symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, palpitations, dizziness, or if you have been referred by your primary care physician due to a concern about your heart health, it would be advisable to schedule an appointment with a cardiologist.

What conditions can laser angioplasty treat?

Laser angioplasty is commonly used to treat conditions such as coronary artery disease, peripheral artery disease, and carotid artery disease. It is particularly useful for complex blockages or those with calcified plaque.

Can laser angioplasty be combined with other treatments?

Yes, laser angioplasty can be used in combination with other techniques such as balloon angioplasty, stent placement, or atherectomy to achieve optimal results, especially in complex cases.

    Which is the best heart hospital in Kerala?

    One of the best heart hospitals in Kerala is Aster Medical City's Centre of Excellence in Cardiac Sciences. It provides advanced cardiology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, cardiac surgery, heart transplant, and cardiac rehabilitation services to all age groups.

    With the assistance of skilled nurses, technicians, dieticians, and rehabilitation specialists, it provides the best treatment possible.

    The outstanding medical team of adult cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons, pediatric cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, and interventional radiologists at Aster Medcity hospital can handle all cardiac emergencies successfully.


    What is the primary treatment for heart attack?

    Medications and primary Angioplasty


    What is the best treatment for blocked arteries in the heart?

     The two standard treatment procedures for blocked arteries are:

    • Angioplasty of the heart.
    • Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).
    • Medical Management.

    Is heart treatment possible without surgery?

    Medications can treat some heart conditions without surgical intervention, including heart attacks. Cholesterol medications are just another way to treat coronary artery disease. These drugs can lower bad cholesterol and lessen plaque formation in the arteries. Aspirn aspirin and clopidogrel used as blood thinners. 

    For instance, clot-busting medications aid in dissolving the blood clots during haert attack. Heparin, which is administered intravenously or intramuscularly, makes the blood less sticky and less likely to clot. Nitroglycerin helps to enhance blood flow to the heart by widening blood vessels.

    What are the causes of heart attacks?

     The causes of heart attacks are listed below.

    • Cardiovascular atherosclerosis:  Family history of Coronary Artery diseases, BP, Diabetics, Cholesterol, Age, Smoking and other habits.

    Is heart surgery dangerous?

    Heart surgery has inherent risk of death. But death risk is more in those individuals who are very ill before cardiac surgery or when cardiac surgery is done in an emergency (for example, during a heart attack).

    The good news is that risks have dramatically decreased over the past few decades, and the chance of death during surgery has reduced to 1-2 percent.


    When is open heart surgery necessary?

     Cardiac surgeons may advise open-heart surgery or CABG.

    • Replacement or repair of heart valves,
    • Repair or replacement of damaged or abnormal heart tissue
    • Heart transplantation
    • Aortic surgeries.

    What are the different types of heart surgery?

     Different types of heart surgeries are:

    • Coronary artery bypass grafting 
    • Open heart surgery
    • Heart valve repair 
    • Heart valve replacement
    • Heart transplant
    • Maze surgery
    • Aneurysm repair.

    Which is the best private hospital for heart disease in kerala?

    Aster MedCity center of excellence is one of the best private hospitals in Kerala. Established to operate as an independent cardiac hospital in Kochi, this facility has an outpatient department, an inpatient department, a day care area, and a state-of-the-art cardiovascular imaging section with nuclear medicine. In addition, they have a dedicated electrophysiology lab, a dedicated interventional cardiology wing, dedicated adult and pediatric cardiac surgical suites, dedicated cardiac ICUs, and a 24-hour Rapid Access Chest Pain Clinic to handle all emergencies.

    What are Invasive, Non-Invasive, and Interventional Cardiology?

    Invasive cardiology uses open or minimally invasive procedures to find and treat structural or electrical abnormalities in the heart. Non-invasive cardiologists focus on diagnosing and managing heart conditions through extracorporeal tests rather than intravenous devices. Interventional cardiology uses special catheter techniques for diagnosing and treating coronary artery diseases.

    What is pediatric cardiology?

    The pediatric cardiology focuses on children under 18 with heart abnormalities and cardiac diseases. Paediaric cardiologists treat children born with congenital heart problems or other cardiac ailments or conditions in their early years.


    Is there any chance of a heart attack after an angioplasty?

    Heart attack is one of the rare complications of angioplasty. Although unlikely, the person could get a heart attack during or after the angioplasty.

    Will a Cardiologist help manage side effects during treatment?

    A cardiologist can help manage sidе effects during trеatmеnt. Side effects can be caused by the mеdication or the procedure itsеlf. If you reside in Kochi, thе cardiologist will work with you to dеtеrminе thе bеst way to manage thе side effects and minimisе thеir impact on your quality of lifе.

    How do cardiologists decide if surgery is necessary?

    Cardiologists, like those across the world, usе a variety of tools to determine if surgery is necessary. Thеsе can include diagnostic tests such as echocardiograms, cardiac catheterisation, stress tests, and other imaging studies. Thеy will also consider your medical history, specific condition, overall health, and the severity of your symptoms. In some cases, they may consult with cardiac surgeons to ensure all treatmеnt options, including surgеry, are thoroughly considered.

    How should I prepare for my first visit to a Cardiologist?

    Whеn prеparing for your first visit to a cardiologist, it is hеlpful to bring a list of currеnt mеdications, any relevant medical rеcords or tеst rеsults, your idеntification, and  hеalth insurancе information. Additionally, you might want to notе down any symptoms or concerns you hаvе bееn еxpеriеncing. It's also good to bе prеparеd to discuss your mеdical history and lifеstylе factors such as diеt, еxеrcisе, and smoking habits. 

    Who is a Cardiologist and what do they do?

    A cardiologist is a medical doctor with specialised training and skill in finding, treating, and preventing diseases of the heart and blood vessels, which are collectively known as the cardiovascular system. When you visit a cardiologist, here is what typically happens:

    1. Assessment:

    - They conduct a thorough medical assessment that includes a review of your health history, physical examination, and may also inquire about your lifestyle to identify risk factors.

    2. Diagnostic Testing: Cardiologists often utilise diagnostic tests to identify heart issues, such as:

    - Electrocardiogram (EKG/ECG): To record the electrical activity of the heart.

    - Echocardiogram: To create an image of the heart using sound waves, assessing heart function and structure.

    - Stress tests: To measure the heart's performance and limitations under physical stress.

    - Cardiac catheterization: To examine how the heart is functioning and to collect biopsies or blood samples from the heart.

    - CT/MRI scans: To get detailed images of the heart and its surrounding structures.

    3. Treatment: Depending on the diagnosis, treatment might include:

    - Lifestyle advice and management: Diet, exercise, and other lifestyle factors.

    - Medications: Prescribing drugs for high blood pressure, cholesterol, heart rhythm issues, or other heart-related concerns.

    - Invasive procedures: Such as angioplasty to open clogged arteries, or surgical management, like heart valve repair or replacement and coronary artery bypass surgery.

    4. Follow-Up Care:

    - Cardiologists also provide ongoing care for chronic conditions and post-operative recovery which may include regular check-ups, medication adjustments, and lifestyle modification recommendations.

    If you nееd spеcific rеcommеndations for Cardiologists in Kochi, it is bеst to check our website.


    Are there any risks associated with laser angioplasty?

    While laser angioplasty is generally safe, there are risks such as vessel injury, bleeding, or vessel perforation. Your healthcare provider will discuss the potential risks and benefits of the procedure with you.

    Is laser angioplasty suitable for everyone?

    Laser angioplasty may not be suitable for all patients or all types of blockages. Your healthcare provider will evaluate your individual circumstances and recommend the most appropriate treatment approach for you.


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