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Cardiac Surgery

The Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery deals with the surgical management of diseases related to heart, lungs, chest wall and diaphragm. Our competent team is highly experienced in performing complicated surgeries for conditions such as congenital heart diseases, mediastinal tumours, open heart valvular repairs, and myocardial infarction.

The team consists of cardiac surgery experts (adult and pediatric), pulmonologists, thoracic surgeons, cardiac anesthesiologists, critical care specialists, interventional radiologists, and cardiac electrophysiologists who work in collaboration with nurses, technicians, rehabilitation specialists and nutritionists to provide optimal multidisciplinary treatment for our patients.

They are experts in carrying out various procedures such as pulmonary lobectomy, surgical decortication, coronary artery bypass graft, open-heart valve repair, and septal defect closures.

Our Doctors

We have some of the best specialists from around the world, they bring years of experience and offer evidence-based treatment to ensure the best care for you.

Advanced Technology & Facilities

Well equipped with the latest medical equipment, modern technology & infrastructure, Aster Hospital is one of the best hospitals in India.

Inpatient Facilities

Aster Medcity offers world-class inpatient care to its patients, with the support of an award-winning team of Nurses, Therapists and Technicians. Wards, double rooms, standard rooms, executive rooms, deluxe rooms presidential suites Dedicated Cardiac ICU Independent ICUs with a view that minimise chances of infection and ICU psychosis Dedicated cardiac surgery suites Advanced infection control facilities State-of-the-art cardiac imaging

World-Class Technology

Aster Centre of Excellence in Cardiac Sciences is first facility in Kerala to offer three cathlabs with a state-of-the-art electrophysiology lab / intravascular ultrasound, fractional flow reserve estimate and rotablation. The comprehensive range of medical technology here includes: Flat panel hybrid vascular biplane cathlab Low radiation CLARITY cathlab OR1 Karl Storz Fusion Integrated C Green OT certified surgical suites with autopilot anaesthesia and live sharing facility Philips IntelliSpace Critical Care & Anaesthesia digital ICU ECMO (Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation) Philips EPIQ Echocardiography machines for 2D and live 3D imaging Trans-Oesophageal Echocardiography with Doppler, Colour Doppler modalities Dobutamine stress test for physically disabled patients Intra-operative trans-oesophageal ECHO / Doppler / Colour-flow Doppler Philips 256 Slice iCT scan Wide Bore 3.0 Tesla MRI cardiac studies Philips Astonish True Flight Select PET-CT with Time Of Flight technology GE SPECT-CT Optima NM 640 Gamma Camera

Outpatient Services

The Centre of Excellence in Cardiac Sciences at Aster Medcity offers a wide range of outpatient services for detection and treatment of complex heart diseases and disorders. This includes: Cardiac structural/functional evaluation including advanced imaging Heart Failure Clinic Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinic 2D / Live 3D Echocardiography Colour Doppler imaging Tissue Doppler imaging Strain Quantification Trans-Esophageal Echocardiography including live 3D TEE 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring 24-hour ECG monitoring (Holter monitoring) Cardiac stress tests including Tread Mill Test, Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography, Head Up Tilt Test (HUTT)

Operation Theatres

ORI Fusion Digital Integrated Operation Theatres With 22 Operating Rooms that are on par with some of the largest in the world, Aster Medcity, for the first time South India, introduces ORI Fusion Digital Integrated Operation Theatres using Karlstorz OR1 Fusion - Asia Pacific’s first complete digital integration system.
The integration enables real-time sharing of images, videos and medical reports, which not only facilitates virtual participation from any location in the world but also helps the rest of the surgical team to monitor the patient closely during the operative procedure, much to the benefit and safety of the patient undergoing the surgery.
Aster Medcity is also the first surgical facility in the state to offer Robotic Surgery using a high-precision da Vinci Surgery Robot.


Advanced Features
  • PACS, HIS, and video recording integrated for single monitor control by Surgeons
  • Each Operating Room has 3 cameras and 6 monitors for Doctors to monitor patient parameters and the surgical procedures
  • Operative procedures can be transmitted live to various locations within and outside the Hospital
  • Facilities for interactive sessions during operation through live transmission of the procedure
  • Doctors can join the Surgical team and monitor the patient from any location outside the hospital
  • Da Vinci Surgical Robot for performing minimally invasive Robotic Surgery
  • State-of-the-art engineering techniques to maintain positive pressure within operating rooms along with heap filters to reduce infections
  • Individual air handling unit for each Operating Room
  • Equipped with Isocentric C Arm
  • Advanced facilities to monitor including depth of Anaesthesia, Neuromuscular Monitoring, Transcranial Doppler and 3D Echocardiogram
  • High-end Anaesthesia workstation with precision delivery of Anaesthetic gases
  • Autopilot facility Anaesthesia machines
  • Capability to export information to all ICUs within the hospital
  • Induction bay with facilities for parents to be with children during induction of Anaesthesia
  • As all Operating Rooms here are approximate of the same size, they can accommodate a variety of equipment- surgical, as well as those for ensuring the safety and protection of the patient
  • Stringent Infection Control measures followed under the surveillance of experienced Doctors
Anesthesia Team
  • Perioperative anesthetic care
  • Anesthesia for solid organ transplant
  • Invasive monitoring of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and associated techniques
  • Anesthetic support for SSEP and MEP
  • Anesthesia for infants, neonates, and children
  • Anesthesia for craniofacial reconstructive and cosmetic surgery
  • Labor analgesia and obstetric Anaesthesia
  • Regional anesthetic techniques with ultrasound and PNS
  • Transesophageal echocardiography
  • Fiber optic bronchoscopy
  • Difficult intubation maneuvers
  • Intar aortic balloon support
  • Inotropes vasodilators and vasopressors
  • ECMO and LVAD assistance
  • Neuro monitoring: BIS, NIRS, neuromuscular monitoring, TCD
  • Special anesthetic techniques for awake craniotomies
  • Blood conservative measures
Seamless Team Work

The ORI Fusion Digital Integration system in the Operating Rooms helps create a workflow that’s seamless by enabling virtual participation of Doctors in the procedure, from whichever part of the world they are in at that point in time. As all medical reports and image modalities including the operation procedure can be transmitted live to any location inside or outside the hospital, Doctors can become a part of the Surgery Team on a real-time basis, wherein they can interact with Surgeons in the OR, closely monitor the procedure as well as patient parameters and contribute their expert suggestions.

  • Karl Storz OR1 Fusion Technology
  • Single monitor control enabled through integration of PAC, HIS & Video Recording
  • Live to share all image modalities & medical reports
  • 3 cameras and 6 monitors in every OR.
Waiting Lounge

Aster Medcity understands that the time of surgery is stressful for the family of the Patient as well, which is why the bystander’s waiting lounge has been designed in such a way that it provides a calming, comforting ambiance

Scenic view of the backwaters from the visitor's lounge, Recliner Chairs, Cafeteria

Guest Relation Team who updates the bystanders on patient’s progress at regular intervals and ensures a warm, hospitable atmosphere.



Want to find out more about the treatment? The answer to your questions can be found below.

How long do heart patients stay in the hospital?

  • Heart attack minimum of 3-5 days
  • Angiogram as Day care
  • Heart Angioplasty in 2 days
  • Heart Failure in 5-7 days.

Which doctor to consult for a heart problem?

A specialist in detecting, diagnosing, treating, and preventing conditions of the heart, arteries, and veins is a cardiologist, often known as a "heart doctor," "heart physician," or "heart specialist." A regular check-up with this heart specialist doctor can help you stay on top of your heart health and lower the risk for heart disease. 


What are the treatment options for a heart attack?

 A heart attack occurs when one or more coronary arteries get blocked, reducing or stopping blood flow to the heart, and depriving a part of the heart muscle of oxygen.

The treatment options vary based on the extent of obstruction (total or partial). Medications to treat a heart attack include aspirin, clot busters, thrombolytics or fibrinolytics), blood-thinning medications like Heparin, Nitroglycerin, morphine, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and statins.

Surgeries and procedures to treat a heart attack include:

  • Coronary angioplasty 
  • Stenting
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG).

How to book an appointment with a heart specialist online?

Booking online consultation with a heart specialist is simple now. 

All you have to do is visit the official page of the hospital or doctor's private clinic. Click on the link below to book an appointment with Aster Medcity.  

This link takes you to a list of qualified and experienced doctors. Click on the book an appointment tab and follow the instructions, and you are done.

What are the symptoms of a heart disease/problem?

The symptoms that indicate heart problems are as follows.

  • Chest discomfort
  • Chest pain (tightness or pressure)
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Cold sweat
  • Fatigue
  • Heartburn 
  • Indigestion
  • Lightheadedness
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Pain radiating to the back, neck, jaw, throat, or upper belly.

Who does heart surgery?

A surgeon with advanced education and training in operating on the heart and the major blood arteries surrounding it is known as a cardiac surgeon. A cardiac surgeon can specialise in certain cardiac operations. For instance, pediatric cardiac surgeons perform surgeries on children. 

Are bypass surgery safe?

Heart bypass surgery lowers the risk of death and heart attack and is generally safe and effective. Today, majority of patients with coronary bypass surgery experience no significant side effects, and the chance of death is reduced to 1-2 percent.

 How long will it take to heal from heart surgery?

An average hospital stay following open-heart surgery is four to five days. Following hospital discharge, it typically takes six to eight weeks for your breastbone and chest muscles to heal as you gradually reintroduce your daily activities.

How long does heart stent surgery take?

Typically, a heart stent surgery lasts between 5-6 hours. If you're receiving treatment for angina, you'll typically be allowed to leave the hospital later that day or the next.

Which hospital is the best for heart surgery in kerala?

The Centre of Excellence in Cardiac Sciences at Aster Medcity, one of the most cutting-edge facilities in Kerala, provides advanced cardiology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, cardiac surgery, heart transplant, and cardiac rehabilitation for all age groups.

The outstanding medical team of adult cardiologists, interventional cardiologists, and cardiac electrophysiologists provides patients with the best care possible.

What does a cardiologist do?

Doctors specializing in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cardiac diseases are cardiologists. A cardiologist examines the patient and goes through their medical history to assess the severity of the condition. They might perform some tests and assess the person's blood pressure, blood vessels, heart rate, and other factors determining heart health.

Can a blood clot cause a heart attack?

Blood flow is obstructed when coronary arteries are constricted due to plaque buildup. But when this plaque breaks, it forms a clot that could entirely cut off the blood supply: when this blood clot plugs the coronary arteries, it causes a heart attack.

What advancements or technologies are utilised by cardiologists?

A cardiac surgeon is a medical professional who specialises in surgical procedures of the hеart and blood vessels. Thеy are trained to perform surgeries such as coronary artеry bypass grafting, heart valve repair or replacement, and procedures to correct congenital hеart defects. Additionally, they may also perform surgeries to implant medical devices such as pacemakers or defibrillators. Cardiac surgeons work closely with cardiologists to provide comprehensive care for patients with hеart problems. If you reside in Kochi you can check our website to know more details. 

What is the role of a cardiac surgeon in a patient's treatment?

Thе role of a cardiac surgeon in a patient's treatment is pivotal, particularly when surgical intervention is necessary. Cardiac surgeons are responsible for assessing the patient's condition, determining the nееd for surgery, and performing the surgical procedure with precision and expertise. Thеy work closely with cardiologists to develop comprehensive treatment plans, and post-surgery, they oversee the patient's immediate recovery and provide guidance for long-tеrm carе. 

How should I prepare for my first visit to a cardiac surgeon?

Whеn prеparing for your first visit to a cardiac surgeon, it is important to gather rеlevant medical documents, including any cardiac test results, imaging studies, and rеports from your cardiologist or referring physician. Additionally, bring a list of current medications,  a rеcord of your medical history and any other relevant medical information. Be prepared to discuss your symptoms, concerns, and any questions you may have about your condition and potential surgical treatment. This will help the cardiac surgeon gain a comprehensive understanding of your health and provide you with the best care

What heart conditions cardiac surgeons attend to?

Cardiac surgeons attend to a wide rangе of hеart conditions that require surgical intervention. Thеsе may include coronary artery disеasе, hеart valve disorders (such as mitral valve prolapse, aortic stenosis, or mitral regurgitation), congenital hеart defects, aneurysms of the aorta, and more complеx conditions requiring surgical correction.

Which is the best heart hospital in Kerala?

One of the best heart hospitals in Kerala is Aster Medical City's Centre of Excellence in Cardiac Sciences. It provides advanced cardiology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, cardiac surgery, heart transplant, and cardiac rehabilitation services to all age groups.

With the assistance of skilled nurses, technicians, dieticians, and rehabilitation specialists, it provides the best treatment possible.

The outstanding medical team of adult cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons, pediatric cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, and interventional radiologists at Aster Medcity hospital can handle all cardiac emergencies successfully.


What is the primary treatment for heart attack?

Medications and primary Angioplasty


What is the best treatment for blocked arteries in the heart?

 The two standard treatment procedures for blocked arteries are:

  • Angioplasty of the heart.
  • Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).
  • Medical Management.

Is heart treatment possible without surgery?

Medications can treat some heart conditions without surgical intervention, including heart attacks. Cholesterol medications are just another way to treat coronary artery disease. These drugs can lower bad cholesterol and lessen plaque formation in the arteries. Aspirn aspirin and clopidogrel used as blood thinners. 

For instance, clot-busting medications aid in dissolving the blood clots during haert attack. Heparin, which is administered intravenously or intramuscularly, makes the blood less sticky and less likely to clot. Nitroglycerin helps to enhance blood flow to the heart by widening blood vessels.

What are the causes of heart attacks?

 The causes of heart attacks are listed below.

  • Cardiovascular atherosclerosis:  Family history of Coronary Artery diseases, BP, Diabetics, Cholesterol, Age, Smoking and other habits.

Is heart surgery dangerous?

Heart surgery has inherent risk of death. But death risk is more in those individuals who are very ill before cardiac surgery or when cardiac surgery is done in an emergency (for example, during a heart attack).

The good news is that risks have dramatically decreased over the past few decades, and the chance of death during surgery has reduced to 1-2 percent.


When is open heart surgery necessary?

 Cardiac surgeons may advise open-heart surgery or CABG.

  • Replacement or repair of heart valves,
  • Repair or replacement of damaged or abnormal heart tissue
  • Heart transplantation
  • Aortic surgeries.

What are the different types of heart surgery?

 Different types of heart surgeries are:

  • Coronary artery bypass grafting 
  • Open heart surgery
  • Heart valve repair 
  • Heart valve replacement
  • Heart transplant
  • Maze surgery
  • Aneurysm repair.

Which is the best private hospital for heart disease in kerala?

Aster MedCity center of excellence is one of the best private hospitals in Kerala. Established to operate as an independent cardiac hospital in Kochi, this facility has an outpatient department, an inpatient department, a day care area, and a state-of-the-art cardiovascular imaging section with nuclear medicine. In addition, they have a dedicated electrophysiology lab, a dedicated interventional cardiology wing, dedicated adult and pediatric cardiac surgical suites, dedicated cardiac ICUs, and a 24-hour Rapid Access Chest Pain Clinic to handle all emergencies.

What are Invasive, Non-Invasive, and Interventional Cardiology?

Invasive cardiology uses open or minimally invasive procedures to find and treat structural or electrical abnormalities in the heart. Non-invasive cardiologists focus on diagnosing and managing heart conditions through extracorporeal tests rather than intravenous devices. Interventional cardiology uses special catheter techniques for diagnosing and treating coronary artery diseases.

What is pediatric cardiology?

The pediatric cardiology focuses on children under 18 with heart abnormalities and cardiac diseases. Paediaric cardiologists treat children born with congenital heart problems or other cardiac ailments or conditions in their early years.


Is there any chance of a heart attack after an angioplasty?

Heart attack is one of the rare complications of angioplasty. Although unlikely, the person could get a heart attack during or after the angioplasty.

Will a Cardiac Surgeon help manage recovery after surgery?

Yеs, a cardiac surgeon will oftеn help manage the initial recovery aftеr surgery, especially while you are in the hospital. Thеy will monitor your progress, ensure that the surgical sitе is healing propеrly, and oversee any necessary post operative carе. Howеvеr, in the longеr tеrm, once you are discharged from the hospital, your recovery and ongoing carе will likely be managed by a cardiac rеhabilitation tеam, which could include cardiologists, nurses, physiotherapists, and other healthcare professionals. Thеy will work together to support your recovery and help you gradually rеturn to your normal activities. 

What question you should ask a Cardiac Surgeon?

Whеn consulting with a cardiac surgeon, it is important to ask questions that will help you understand your condition, treatment options, and the surgical process. Some questions you may want to consider asking include:

- What specific cardiac condition do I have, and how doеs it nееd tо bе addressed surgically?

- What are the different surgical treatment options available to me, and what аrе the potential risks and benefits of each?

- How many times have you performed this type of surgery, and what is your success ratе?

- What is the anticipated recovery process, and what kind of support might I nееd during this time?

- What lifestyle changes may bе necessary aftеr surgery, and what long-term follow-up care will bе rеquired?

When should I consider seeing a Cardiac Surgeon?

You may consider sееing a cardiac surgeon if you have bееn diagnosed with a cardiac condition that may require surgical intervention. This can include conditions such as coronary artеry disеasе, hеart valve disorders, congenital hеart defects, or aortic aneurysms. Additionally, if your cardiologist has recommended a surgical procedure as part of your treatment plan, they may refer you to a cardiac surgeon for further еvaluation and discussion of surgical  options. 

Who is a Cardiac surgeon, and what do they do?

A cardiac surgeon is a medical professional who specialises in surgical procedures of the hеart and blood vessels. Thеy are trained to perform surgeries such as coronary artеry bypass grafting, heart valve repair or replacement, and procedures to correct congenital hеart defects. Additionally, they may also perform surgeries to implant medical devices such as pacemakers or defibrillators. Cardiac surgeons work closely with cardiologists to provide comprehensive care for patients with hеart problems. If you reside in Kochi you can check our website to know more details.


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